December 13, 2021
Campylobacteriosis most reported zoonosis in EU in 2020
Campylobacteriosis was the most reported zoonosis in the European Union in 2020, with 120,946 cases compared to more than 220,000 the previous year.
This was followed by salmonellosis, which affected 52,702 people compared to 88,000 in 2019. The number of reported foodborne outbreaks also fell by 47%. These findings are based on the annual EU One Health zoonosis report by European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).
Experts acknowledged the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe in the remarkable drop in reported zoonotic diseases in humans – ranging from 7% to 53% depending on the reported disease in question - and foodborne outbreaks.
The next most commonly reported diseases were yersiniosis (5,668) and infections caused by Shigatoxin-producing E.coli (4,446). Listeriosis was the fifth most reported zoonosis (1,876 cases), mainly affecting people over the age of 64.
Listeriosis and West Nile virus infections were the diseases with the highest case fatality and hospitalisation rates.
The report also monitors foodborne outbreaks in the EU. A total of 3,086 foodborne outbreaks were reported in 2020.
Salmonella remained the most frequently detected agent and caused about 23% outbreaks. The most common sources of salmonellosis outbreaks were eggs, egg products and pig meat.