November 24, 2014
 
Highly pathogenic avian influenza detected in Europe, Asia (Global Animal Disease Update) (week ended Nov 21, 2014)
 
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Reoccurrences of highly pathogenic avian influenza have been detected in Europe and Asia. The following report contains updates of the overall disease situation.
 
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in the UK

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in United Kingdom, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 17 from Dr. Nigel Gibbens, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, the United Kingdom.

The outbreak was reported to be on November 14 at Yorkshire, England. 6,000 birds were susceptible and 338 infected birds died. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included quarantine, movement control inside the country, screening, zoning and disinfection of infected premises. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Hungary

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus was detected in Hungary, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 17 from Dr. Lajos Bognár, Deputy State Secretary Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Chain Safety Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, Hungary.

The outbreak was reported to be on October 14 at Baranya, Csongrad and Bacs-Kiskun. Ten cases were identified in cattle and two cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 256 cattle and 155 sheep become susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included control of arthropods, movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection of infected premises and modified stamping out. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in the Republic of Macedonia

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus was detected in the Republic of Macedonia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 17 from Dr. Dejan Runtevski, Director, Department of Animal Health, Food and Veterinary Agency, Skopje, Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia.

The outbreak was reported to be on July 30 at Kriva Palanka, Delcevo, Kocani, Probistip, Sveti Nikole, Kicevo, Skopje, Stip, Kratovo, Tetovo, Berovo, Kumanovo, Valandovo and Vinica. 32 cases were identified in cattle, six cases were identified in goats and 751 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 392 cattle, 78 goats and 6,542 sheep become susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included control of arthropods, movement control inside the country, screening, zoning, disinfection of infected premises and dipping or spraying. Vaccination is prohibited but supportive therapy treatment was given to the affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in the Netherlands

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in the Netherlands, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 21 from Dr. Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Hague, Netherlands.

The outbreak was reported to be on November 14 at Ter Aar, Zuid-Holland. 100 cases were identified in layers, resulting in 43,000 become susceptible, with all the 100 infected cases being fatal. All the other susceptible birds were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures to be applied, among others, include control of wildlife reservoirs, movement control inside the country, screening, zoning, and disinfection of infected premises. On November 20, a 10 km surveillance zone had been established. Vaccination is prohibited.
 
 
ASIA

5.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Japan

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Japan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 21 from Dr. Toshiro Kawashima, CVO, Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.

The outbreak was reported to be on November 3 at Chosei-gun, Nagara-machi, Chiba. One sub-clinical case was identified in a wild bird (Anatidae, species unknown). The source of the outbreak was unknown.

Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected bird.
 


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