September 11, 2015
 
Poultry and ruminant diseases reported in Europe and Africa (Global Animal Disease Update) (week ended September 11, 2015)
 
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Poultry and ruminant diseases were reported in Europe and Africa this week. The following report provides an overview of the overall disease situation.
  
  
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of Brucella melitensis detected in Bulgaria

Reoccurrence of Brucella melitensis was detected in Bulgaria, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 7 from Dr. Damyan Iliev, Chief Veterinary Officer & Deputy Executive Director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 27, with outbreaks occurring in Mursalevo, Kocherinovo, Kjustendil. Two cases were identified in cattle and three cases were identified in goats, resulting in 25 cattle, 45 sheep and 134 goats becoming susceptible. All the infected cattle and goats were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance outside containment and protection zone, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. No vaccination and treatment were given to the affected animals.
  
2.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Romania

Reoccurrence of bluetongue was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 7 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 4, with outbreaks occurring in Bobulesti, Botosani. Three cases were identified in cattle, resulting in six cattle becoming susceptible. No infected cattle died or destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection and zoning. No vaccination and treatment were given to the affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease detected in Romania

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 8 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 25, with outbreaks occurring in Suceava. The number of cases identified is not calculated because of missing information. 53,610 birds became susceptible and 44,610 birds died. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country and zoning. No vaccination and treatment were given to the affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Hungary

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 10 from Dr. Lajos Bognár, Deputy State Secretary Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Chain Safety Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Budapest, Hungary.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 9, with outbreaks occurring in Sarpilis, Tolna. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 299 cattle becoming susceptible. 53,610 birds became susceptible and 44,610 birds died. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and control of vectors. Vaccination is given to affected cattle in response to the outbreak. No treatment was given to the affected animals.
 

AFRICA
 
5.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Nigeria

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Nigeria, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 8 from Dr. Abdulganiyu Abubakar, Chief Veterinary Officer, Federal Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 8 in Port Harcourt, Obio/Akpor, Rivers. 450 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 528 birds becoming susceptible. All infected birds died and all other birds were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection and quarantine. Vaccination was prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected animals.
 


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