June 15, 2004



US 2003/04 Wheat Exports To Sub-Saharan Africa Surge


U.S. wheat exports to Sub-Saharan Africa surge in Marketing Year 2003/04, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said Monday in its "Grains: World Markets and Trade" report.


Record U.S. Wheat Exports to Sub-Saharan Africa:  Reduced competition from the EU-25 and Black Sea suppliers helped U.S. wheat exports to Sub-Saharan Africa surge in Marketing Year 2003/04.  Exports to Nigeria climbed to a new high, with the United States capturing over 90% of this market compared to 75% last year.


South Africa emerged as an important market, importing almost half a million tons of U.S. wheat, the largest amount in nearly a decade. Additionally, many other small importers purchased larger quantities of U.S. wheat. Food aid shipments, primarily to Ethiopia, also expanded this year.




Domestic: Hot dry weather and rumors of purchases by China helped prices to peak during the first week May. However, as the start of the winter wheat harvest gained momentum, prices took a downward slide during the second week, the report said. For the rest of May, prices mildly recovered due to continued hot dry weather and expected low harvest yields, but downward pressure from a rapidly progressing early harvest and improving weather in spring wheat regions thwarted the chance of a full recovery back to early May prices.


For the week ending June 4, average HRW and SRW prices were $14 a ton and $18 a ton lower, respectively, than those in the first week of May.  HRS prices lost $5 a ton while SWW ended the month with a loss of $6 a ton.




Selected Exporters


* India down 1.0 million tons to 1.0 million.  Shrinking stocks and higher expected domestic consumption make government subsidized exports unlikely.


* Russia up 1.0 million tons to 4.5 million due to larger production.


* EU-25 up 1.0 million tons to 15.0 million as a record wheat crop allows greater exports.


Selected Importers


* Iraq up 800,000 tons to 3.3 million with large anticipated shipments sliding into the new trade year and imports for the Public Distribution System expected to continue.


* Pakistan up 300,000 tons to 500,000 due to the need to re-build stocks.




Selected Exporters


* China up 200,000 tons to a record 2.7 million with continued flour and feed-quality wheat shipments to nearby markets.


* United States down 500,000 tons to 32.0 million due to weaker than expected late-season shipments.


Selected Importers


* Egypt up 300,000 tons to 7.3 million - a 5-year high - due to robust, late-season imports especially from Australia and the United States.


* Iraq down 700,000 tons to 1.8 million as a slower than previously anticipated shipment pace delays the rebuilding of stocks until the first few months of the new trade year.


Source: USDA

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