May 13, 2013


USDA projects higher red meat, poultry production in 2014


USDA's latest World Supply and Demand Estimates report showed that total US red meat and poultry production in 2014 is projected to be above 2013 as higher pork and poultry production more than offsets declines in beef production.


Tighter cattle supplies and potential heifer retention during late 2013 and into 2014 are expected to limit cattle available for placement; thereby reducing fed cattle slaughter in 2014. Lower cow numbers and herd rebuilding will also limit non-fed beef production. Beef imports are expected to be higher in 2014 as US cow slaughter declines and domestic non-fed beef supplies tighten.


Continued over-year declines in US beef production are expected to push beef exports lower in 2014. Beef imports are expected to be higher in 2014 as US cow slaughter declines and domestic non-fed beef supplies tighten. For 2014, cattle prices are forecast to rise above 2013 as supplies continue to tighten.


Pork production is forecast to increase more rapidly than in 2013 as lower forecast feed costs provide incentives for producers to expand farrowing and increase carcass weights from 2013 levels. Pork exports are expected to rebound in 2014 as supplies increase and demand improves. Pork imports are forecast up fractionally from 2013. Hog prices are forecast to be slightly lower than 2013 on higher production.


Broiler and turkey production are forecast higher as lower forecast feed prices encourage expansion despite lower poultry prices. Broiler exports are forecast higher on expanded supplies and moderating prices. Broiler, turkey, and egg prices are forecast to be below 2013 as production expands.


The total red meat and poultry production forecast for 2013 is lowered from last month as lower pork, broiler, and turkey production more than offsets greater beef production.


Higher cattle placements are expected to support higher fed beef production and cow slaughter has remained relatively high. However, recent winter storms have affected cattle weights, which are lowered slightly from last month. The beef export forecast is adjusted to reflect lower first-quarter exports. Cattle price forecasts for 2013 are unchanged from last month.


Pork production is down marginally on lower forecast slaughter in the second of half of 2013. Pork exports are expected lower. Hog prices are down fractionally from last month on weaker second quarter prices.


Broiler production is lowered on hatchery and chick placement data to date, while turkey production is cut on lower poultry placements. Poultry exports are raised as higher broiler exports more than offset lower turkey exports. Broiler prices are forecast higher as prices remain strong.

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