April 19, 2021

 

ASF cases among wild boar in EU drop in Q1, 2021

 
 

The total number of African swine fever (ASF) cases among wild boar in EU Member States has dropped in the first quarter of 2021, compared to the same period in 2020, according to data collected by the Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS).

 

There is a total of 4,158 cases occurring between January-March 2021, compared to 4,409 cases in January-March 2020.

 

However, the significant increase in cases in Slovakia stands out. The disease was first confirmed in the country in July 2019 and the number of cases has almost doubled from 57 cases in wild boar in the first quarter of 2020 to 531 in this quarter.

 

Over the past year, the number of cases in Slovakia has steadily increased, reaching a total of 351 cases in 2020. In contrast, Slovak authorities have not reported any outbreaks in domestic animals since September last year.

 

In Romania, cases have also increased, with 512 cases confirmed during these first three months of the year (411 for the same period in 2020).

 

On the other hand, the number of cases in wild boar in Poland has decreased significantly (1,976 between January-March 2020 compared to the current 977 cases).

 

On October 27, 2020, Belgium submitted a formal request to the European Commission and the OIE to regain its ASF "free" status. On November 19, it was declared ASF-free in the framework of the EC Standing Committee and on December 21, 2020, the OIE approved the self-declaration of ASF-free status.

 

Concerning confirmed outbreaks in domestic pigs, only Poland and Romania have confirmed outbreaks: one in Poland and 329 in Romania, the latter exceeding the 222 reported in the same period in 2020.

 

- Pig333 / ADNS