January 29, 2018
 
First occurrences of ASF detected in Russia and Poland Global Animal Disease Update (January 26, 2018)

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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Russia and Poland this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Russia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 23 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 22, 2014, with two outbreaks reported in Belgorodskaya Oblast and Krasnodarskiy Kray. Six fatal cases were identified in swine and two cases were identified in wild boar. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and control of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 23 from Dr. Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 17,2017, with 18 outbreaks reported in Mazowieckie. 31 fatal cases were identified wild boar. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, control of wildlife reservoirs and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Afghanistan

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5, was detected in Afghanistan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on January 23 from Dr. Jahangir Miakhail, Acting Director General, General Directorate of Animal Health and Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, Kabul, Afghanistan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 22, with two outbreaks reported in Kabul. 21 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in eight others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was contact with infected animals at grazing or watering and airborne spread.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, selective killing and disposal, disinfection, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Surveillance outside containment and protection zones, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning are to be applied. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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