January 25, 2022


Cargill releases first Global Mycotoxins Report for 2021


Cargill has published its first-ever Cargill Global Mycotoxins Report which gives a detailed look at mycotoxin contamination levels across countries, regions and the globe in 2021.


Harnessing more than 300,000 analyses run annually, the company works closely with customers to build a customised mycotoxin control strategy.


Through its targeted application approach, Cargill helps customise mycotoxin mitigation strategies based on the toxins present in raw ingredients.


"Each partnership begins with building a plan for regular on-farm testing. We recommend consistent testing to accurately quantify and monitor mycotoxins present in ingredients and the risk level – low, medium, or high – for all six key mycotoxins: Aflatoxin, Fumonisin, Ochratoxin, T2 toxin, Vomitoxin and Zearalenone," Cargill said.


Based on 2021 data, it can be assumed that raw ingredients are contaminated more often than not. 72% of analyses run last year were contaminated with mycotoxins.


"But more important is knowing if the contamination is above performance risk thresholds; just 35% of analyses run in 2021 reached these levels," Cargill added.


In addition to building customised mycotoxin mitigation strategies, Cargill also evaluates both worldwide trends and mycotoxin risk information for customers.


"Success in the battle against mycotoxins is driven by developing informed and targeted plans that quickly identify and anticipate mycotoxin threat levels while minimising individual risk," Cargill said.


The company highlighted the following key global trends it discovered:


    - High number of positive analyses above detection limits: In 2021, 72% of analyses were contaminated with at least one mycotoxin. Contamination is more likely than not across all ingredients;


    - The "Big Four": The 2021 data shows that Vomitoxin (DON) (80%), Fumonisin (FUM) (78%), Zearalenone (ZEN) (72%), and Aflatoxin (AFL) (64%) are the top four mycotoxins occurring worldwide. Ochratoxin (OTA) and T2 toxin (T2) show the lowest contamination rate, with less than 60% contamination occurrence.
Positive analyses are not always concerning. When looking at 2021 contaminated analyses, while 72% are positive for mycotoxin contamination, just 35% had contamination levels above Cargill performance risk thresholds. DON (61%), FUM (39%) and ZEN (39%) had the highest levels of positive analyses above risk thresholds;


    - Mycotoxins to watch: FUM, DON and ZEN remain the top three mycotoxins of concern above Cargill performance risk thresholds. Over past four years, DON (+5%) and ZEN (+4%) analyses above performance risk has increased while FUM decreased (-11%).


- Cargill

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