December 13, 2011
US expects wheat exports to decrease
The USDA decreased its wheat export hopes for 2011-13 on Friday (Dec 9) by 50 million bushels to 925 million bushels.
The data, which initially sent CBOT wheat prices to a 20-month low, reflected better hopes for supplies in rival exporting countries, notably Argentina, Australia and Canada at a time when the Black Sea is competing hard in international markets too.
"Larger supplies in several major exporting countries and relatively strong domestic prices, supported by the tight domestic corn supply and use situation, are expected to limit opportunities for US wheat in world trade," Michael Scuse, acting US secretary of agriculture, said.
However, the data may not have taken enough notice of the strong start the US has made to the season, in terms of meeting hopes for the full 2011-12 season, which ends in June.
At broker Country Futures, an analyst said there was "certainly room to question" the UIS export estimate "given the fact that the US has already sold 76% of the new projection and we are just mid way through December".
An analyst from Benson Quinn Commodities added that the pace of shipments had been enough to "reach and exceed" even the previous estimate of 975 million bushels.
"I believe this is possible, if the Black Sea backs off their cheap offer, despite adequate supplies in basically all originating countries," he said.
Black Sea countries appear to be losing their competiveness over, at least, South American and European wheat as, in Russia, the most easily-accessible supplies run dry and, in Ukraine, growers withhold sales for fear of a poor 2012 harvest.
At GrainAnalyst, a trader questioned the breakdown of the changes, in which the USDA cut forecasts for exports of higher protein wheat more than for the soft red winter variety, as traded on CBOT.
"This runs contrary to the basis scale for wheat right now, which shows strong demand both domestically and internationally for any higher protein wheat," the trader said.
Supplies of better quality wheats are relatively scarce, following setbacks from harvest rains to crops in Ukraine, Germany and, currently, Australia.
The trader also restated doubts at expectations for domestic corn use, with the USDA cutting further its forecast from a figure he considered was already an underestimate.
"The USDA managed to drop consumption again but this time more inventively dropping seed and food use, saying that not only are cows and pigs not eating corn but humans are eschewing this grain as well," he said.
Other analysts queried the USDA for sticking by a forecast for the forthcoming Brazilian soy harvest of 75 million tonnes, which is way above an estimate last week from the country's own crop bureau, Conab.
"This is a little questionable," the analyst from Country Futures said, citing weather, with the return of the La Nina pattern bringing a focus on potential dryness which has already emerged in some parts of the country.
A 75 million-tonne crop "could happen, but that seems awfully optimistic and the Conab number at 71 million seems more realist at this time".
Meanwhile, there are signs that the La Nina may prove milder than expected.