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December 5, 2016
 
New strains of bird flu, bluetongue detected in Korea, Italy (Global Animal Disease Update) (Dec 2, 2016)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 
 
New strains of bird flu and bluetongue were detected in Korea and Italy respectively this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Netherlands

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in the Netherlands, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 28 from Dr. Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Hague, Netherlands.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 26, with one outbreak reported in Flevoand. 500 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 10,000 birds becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 28 from Dr. Olga Shevchenko, Head of Directorate for International Cooperation, Directorate for International Cooperation, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 4, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Cherkassy. Three fatal cases were identified in swine. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, dipping or spraying, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  New strain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

A new strain of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 28 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 1, with 26 outbreaks reported in Vento, Friuli-venezia Giulia and Lombardia. 106 cases were identified in cattle, two cases were identified in sheep, one case was identified in yak, resulting in 1,942 cattle, 67 sheep and 60 yak becoming susceptible, and one yak dying. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Cyprus

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Cyprus, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 29 from Dr. Penelope Stylianou, Acting Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Nicosia, Cyprus.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 20, with 18 outbreaks reported in Larnaca, Ammochostos and Lefkosia. 55 cases were identified in sheep, two cases were identified in goats, 50 cases were identified in sheep/goats, resulting in 2,788 sheep, 15 goats and 5,965 sheep/goats becoming susceptible. 20 sheep and 22 sheep/goats died. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included quarantine, movement control inside the country, control of vectors, and surveillance within containment and protection zones. Vaccination is permitted and treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

5.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Japan

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5, was detected in Japan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 29 from Dr. Kazuo Ito, Director, International Animal Health Affairs Office, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 28, with two outbreaks reported in Aomori and Niigata. 140 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 332,090 birds becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection and quarantine. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Korea

A new strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N6, was detected in the Republic of Korea, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 2 from Dr. Oh Soon-Min, Director - Chief Veterinary Officer, General Animal Health Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA), Sejong-si, Korea (Rep. of).

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 16, with one outbreak in Geumgu-myeon, Jeollabuk-do and five others in Maengdong-myeon, Chungcheongbuk-do. 53,024 birds became susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was inconclusive, possible from contact with wild species.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, dipping/spraying, quarantine, surveillance within and outside of containment and/or protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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