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November 5, 2016

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Europe (Global Animal Disease Update)(Nov4, 2016)
 
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Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Europe this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of sheep pox and goat pox detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of sheep pox and goat pox was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 31 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 14, with one outbreak reported in Primorskiy Kray. 18 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 120 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, quarantine, and surveillance within containment and protection zones. No treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Croatia

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Croatia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 31 from Dr. Tomislav Kiš, Assistant to Minister, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 26, with five outbreaks reported in Sisacko-Moslavacka and Istarska. Six cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 86 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Bulgaria

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Bulgaria, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 2 from Dr. Damyan Iliev, Chief Veterinary Officer & Deputy Executive Director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 26, with one outbreak reported in Montana. 19 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 28 birds becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zone, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and zoning. No treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 3 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 27, with two outbreaks reported in Respublika Dagestan and Samarskaya Oblast. 13 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 116 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zone, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

5.  New stain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

A new stain of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 3 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 1, with 65 outbreaks reported in Vento. 385 cases were identified in cattle, 14 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 6,561 cattle and 160 sheep becoming susceptible, and six sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

AFRICA

6.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Nigeria

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Nigeria, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 2 from Dr. Gideon Mbursa Mshelbwala, Director, Veterinary Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja, Nigeria.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 8,2015, with one outbreak reported in Rivers. 50 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 2,000 birds becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, quarantine, and surveillance within containment and protection zone. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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