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October 28, 2016
 
New strain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy (Global Animal Disease Update) (Oct 28, 2016)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 
 
A new strain of bluetongue virus was detected in Italy this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of sheep pox and goat pox detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of sheep pox and goat pox was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 24 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 19, with one outbreak reported in Primorskiy Kray. 68 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 364 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, quarantine, and surveillance within containment and protection zones. No treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  New stain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

A new stain of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 24 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 1, with 31 outbreaks reported in Vento. 239 cases were identified in cattle, seven cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 1,497 cattle and 55 sheep becoming susceptible, and one sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Cyprus

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Cyprus, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 24 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 20, with 19 outbreaks reported in Larnaca, Ammochostos and Lefkosia. 25 cases were identified in sheep, 100 cases were identified in sheep/goats, resulting in 2,210 sheep and 2,668 sheep/goats becoming susceptible. Six sheep and 38 sheep/goats died. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and treatment was given to affected animals for secondary infections.

4.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in France

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 25 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 11, with 73 outbreaks reported in Loire, Puy-de-dome, Lot, Saone-et-Loire, Cantal, Drome, Ain, Lozere, Ardeche, Jura, Rhone, Haute-saone, Nievre, Isere and Allier. 85 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 10,065 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

5.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in France

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 26 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 11, with 60 outbreaks reported in Saone-et-loire, Loire, Rhone, Ain, Vosges, Jura, Ardeche, Drome, Allier, Lozere, Haute-loire, Deux-sevres, Creuse, Savoie, Nievre and Aveyron. One case was identified in sheep, 75 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in eight sheep and 8,055 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

6.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Croatia

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Croatia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 26 from Dr. Tomislav Kiš, Assistant to Minister, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 26, with three outbreaks reported in Licko-senjska, Karlovacka and Dubrovacko-Neretvanska. Three cases were identified in sheep, two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 149 sheep and 62 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, including vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

7.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 26 from Dr. Olga Shevchenko, Head of Directorate for International Cooperation, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 26, with six outbreaks reported in Khar'kov, Poltava, Odessa and Nikolayev. 11 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 203 swine becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, dipping or spraying, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

8.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Bhutan

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Bhutan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 24 from Dr. Tashi Samdup, Director General, Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Thimphu, Bhutan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 20, with one outbreak reported in Chhukha. 13 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 3,000 birds becoming susceptible, and 61 were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, dipping or spraying, quarantine and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected animals.
   


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