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October 14, 2016
 
Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus reported in Europe (Global Animal Disease Update) (Oct 14, 2016)
 
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Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus reported in Europe this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 10 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 22, with one outbreak reported in Sicilia. Three fatal cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 45 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, and official disposal of carcasses, by products and waste. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Croatia

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Croatia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 10 from Dr. Tomislav Kiš, Assistant to Minister, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 21, with four outbreaks reported in Dubrovacko-Neretvanska and Splitsko-Dalmatinska. Six cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 107 becoming susceptible and three dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection and control of vectors. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus was detected in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 10 from Dr. Ljubomir Kalaba, Director, Veterinary Office, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 19, with 151 outbreaks reported in Pale (RS), Bosansko Grahovo, Cajnice, Kalesija, Prozor-Rama, Ilijas, Hadzici, Olovo, Visegrad, Vogosca, Banja Luka, Ribnik, Rogatica and Sokolac. 34 cases were identified in cattle, 721 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 131 cattle and 7,605 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included disinfection, quarantine, movement control inside the country, screening and control of vectors. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Cyprus

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Cyprus, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 10 from Dr. Penelope Stylianou, Acting Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Nicosia, Cyprus.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 19, with seven outbreaks reported in Larnaca and Lefkosia. Ten cases were identified in sheep/goat, 37cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 831 sheep/goat and 496 sheep becoming susceptible, one sheep/goats and 14 sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zone, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to the affected animals.

5.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 10 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 21, with 22 outbreaks reported in Haute-Loire, Ain, Saone-et-loire, Allier, Meuse, Rhone and Puy-de-dome. 35 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 2,533 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zone, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

6.  New stain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

New stain of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 10 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 30, with 32 outbreaks reported in Vento. 81 cases were identified in cattle, one case was identified in goat, 21 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 475 cattle, 18 goats and 261 sheep becoming susceptible, one cattle and three sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

7.  Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 12 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 22, with one outbreak reported in Sicilia. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 20 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, official disposal of carcasses, by products and waste, and treatment of affected animals.

8.  Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Romania

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 13 from Dr. Marius Grigore, Director, Head of Unit Animal Health Department General Sanitary Veterinary Directorate, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 20, with one outbreak reported in Vaslui. 106 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 106 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, surveillance outside containment and protection zone, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

ASIA

9.  First occurrence of pasteurella multocida detected in Kazakhstan

First occurrence of pasteurella multocida was detected in Kazakhstan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 12 from Dr Samat Tyulegenov, Director General, RSE "National Reference Center for Veterinary", Ministry of Agriculture, ASTANA, Kazakhstan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 14, with one outbreak reported in Gur'yev. 571 cases were identified in sheep/goats, resulting in 2,141 cattle, 101 camelidae, 504 equidae and 16,588 sheep/goats becoming susceptible, 388 sheep/goats and three sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance outside containment and protection zone, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. No treatment was given to the affected animals.
 


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