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October 10, 2016

New stain of bluetongue virus reported in Italy (Global Animal Disease Update)(Oct 7, 2016)
 
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New stain of bluetongue virus reported in Italy this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Croatia

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Croatia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 26 from Dr. Tomislav Kiš, Assistant to Minister, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 21, with two outbreaks reported in Dubrovacko-Neretvanska. Three fatal cases were identified in sheep, resulting in six cattle, 157 goats and 143 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection and control of vectors. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of scrapie detected in Iceland

Reoccurrence of scrapie was detected in Iceland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 27 from Dr. Sigurborg Daðadóttir, Chief Veterinary Officer, Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Selfoss, Iceland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 16, with one outbreak reported in Skagafjardar. One case was identified in sheep, resulting in 290 becoming susceptible and one destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zone, zoning, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 27 from Dr. Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, General Veterinary Inspectorate, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 22, 2014, with one outbreak reported in Lubelskie. Seven cases were identified in swine, resulting in ten swine becoming susceptible which all were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zone, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 3 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 30, with one outbreak reported in Sicilia. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 59 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, and official disposal of carcasses, by products and waste. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

5.  New stain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

New stain of bluetongue virus was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 4 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 30, with 40 outbreaks reported in Veneto. 122 cases were identified in cattle, five cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 2,050 cattle and 56 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to the affected animals.

6.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Cyprus

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Cyprus, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 5 from Dr. Penelope Stylianou, Acting Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Nicosia, Cyprus.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 19, with four outbreaks reported in Larnaca. 27 cases were identified in sheep/goat, 40 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 388 sheep/goat and 520 sheep becoming susceptible, six sheep/goats and ten sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zone, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to the affected animals.

7.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Cyprus

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Cyprus, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 6 from Dr. Penelope Stylianou, Acting Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Nicosia, Cyprus.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 19, with four outbreaks reported in Larnaca. Two cases were identified in sheep/goat, 13 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 47 sheep/goat and 1,090 sheep becoming susceptible, and one sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zone, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to the affected animals.
 


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