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September 13, 2016
 
New strain of bluetongue detected in Italy (Global Animal Disease Update) (Sep 9, 2016)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 
 
A new strain of bluetongue was detected in Italy this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 

EUROPE

1.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Lithuania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Lithuania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 5 from Dr. Jonas Milius, Director of the State Food and Veterinary Service, Siesiku g. 19, State Food and Veterinary Service, The Republic of Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 24, 2014, with 12 outbreaks reported in Panevezys, Utena and Kaunas. 13 cases were identified in wild boars, resulting in 12 dying, and one was destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and control of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 5 from Dr. Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, General Veterinary Inspectorate, Varsovie, Poland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 22, 2014, with one outbreak reported in Lubelskie. Two cases were identified in swine, resulting in one death, nine becoming susceptible, and eight were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zones, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.   Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 6 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 18, with one outbreak reported in Abruzzo. Three fatal cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 188 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

4.  First occurrence of sheep pox and goat pox detected in Russia 
                      
A first occurrence of sheep pox and goat pox was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 6 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 14, with eight outbreaks reported in Yaroslavskaya Oblast. 75 cases were identified sheep, resulting in nine deaths, 546 becoming susceptible, three destroyed, and 11 slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. 448 sheep in Yaroslavskaya Oblast were vaccinated. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

5.   Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in France

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 6 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 22, with one outbreak reported in Moselle. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 322 became susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was contact with infected animals at grazing or watering, and fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.).

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, and traceability. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

6.  First occurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Greece                     

A first occurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Greece, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 6 from Mr. Spiros Doudounakis, Director, Animal Health Directorate, Directorate General of Veterinary Services / Animal Health Directorare, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Athens, Greece.

Eight outbreaks were reported to have started on August 18, 2015, in Kentriki Makedonia, Dytiki Makedonia and Thessalia. 22 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in four deaths, 651 becoming susceptible, with 647 destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

7.  New strain of bluetongue virus detected in Italy

A new strain of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Italy, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 8 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 30, with eight outbreaks reported in the Veneto region in northern Italy. 15 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 658 becoming susceptible, and two fatalities. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

ASIA

8.  Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Kazakhstan

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Kazakhstan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 7 from Dr. Samat Tyulegenov, Director General, RSE "National Reference Center for Veterinary", Ministry of Agriculture, Astana, Kazakhstan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 26, with one outbreak reported in Karaganda. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 66 cattle and 121 sheep/goats became susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and zoning. No treatment was given to the affected animals.
 


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