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April 3, 2017
 
Viral diseases reported in 3 species in Europe and Asia (Global Animal Disease Update) (Mar 31, 2017)
 
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Viral diseases were reported in three species in Europe and Asia this week. The following report provides an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Russia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 27 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on March 24, with one case found in Irkutskaya Oblast. 40 fatal cases were identified in swine. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and control of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Moldova

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Moldova, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 27 from Mr. Vsevolod Stamati, Deputy Director General, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, National Food Safety Agency, Chisinau, Moldova.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on March 27, with one case found in Edinet. Nine cases were identified in swine, resulting in nine swine becoming susceptible, five dying and all remaining destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in France

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 28 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 24, 2015, with one case found in Pyrenees-Atlantiques. The number of cases identified is not calculated because of missing information. 3,200 birds became susceptible which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in France

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 30 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 11, 2015, with 33 outbreaks reported across the country. 40 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 6,922 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, zoning and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

5.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Vietnam

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on March 28 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoï, Vietnam.

The outbreak was reported to have started on February 15 in Vinh Long and Ha Tinh. 350 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 250 fatalities and 2,098 becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, and surveillance within containment and protection zones. No treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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