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February 24, 2017
 
New strains of H5N8 reported in France and Egypt (Global Animal Disease Update)(Feb 24, 2017)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive 
 
 
New strains of H5N8 were reported in France and Egypt this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Bulgaria

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5, was detected in Bulgaria, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 21 from Dr. Damyan Iliev, Chief Veterinary Officer & Deputy Executive Director, Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia, Bulgaria.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on December 19, 2016, with 57 cases found in Plovdiv, Sofija, Montana, Kazdzali, Stara Zagora, Pazardzik, Haskovo, Burgas, Vidin, Grad Sofija, Dobric, Varna and Jambol. 12,731 cases were identified in bids, resulting in 559,446 birds becoming susceptible, 9,438 birds dying and all remaining birds were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in France

A new strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in France, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 24 from Dr. Loic Evain, Directeur Général adjoint, CVO, Direction générale de l'alimentation, Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt, Paris, France.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 25, 2016, with 68 outbreaks occurring in the south-western part of the country. 33,568 birds were reported to be susceptible, and 18,500 were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included screening, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside of containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.  Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in Palestinian Autonomous Territories

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in Palestinian Autonomous Territories, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 20 from Dr. Iyad Adra, Director General of Veterinary Services & Animal Health, CVO, Ministry of Agriculture, Ramallah, Palestinian Autonomous Territories.

The outbreak was reported to have started on February 8, with two outbreaks found in the Gaza Strip. 85 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 425 cattle becoming susceptible and 22 cattle dying. The source of the outbreaks was introduction of new live animals.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, and zoning. No treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Vietnam

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N6, was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 20 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoï, Vietnam.

The outbreak was reported to have started on February 16, with one case found in Quang Ngai. 4,500 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 6,160 birds becoming susceptible, 2,000 birds dying and all remaining destroyed. The source of the outbreak was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection and surveillance outside containment and protection zones. No treatment was given to affected animals.

AFRICA

5.  New strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Egypt

A new strain of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N8, was detected in Egypt, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on February 22 from Dr. Ibrahim Mahrous Saleh Mohamed, Chairman, General Organization for Veterinary Services (GOVS), Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Cairo, Egypt.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 24, 2016, with four outbreaks occurring in the northeastern part of the country. 217 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 160 fatalities, and 3,040 others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included disinfection and surveillance within and outside of containment and protection zones. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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