December 29, 2020
Kien Giang, Vietnam, sees 836,200 tonnes of aquaculture output in 2020
The fishing and aquaculture output of Vietnam's Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta province of Kien Giang has topped 836,200 tonnes this year, 10.8% higher than the target, according to its Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Fishing accounted for more than 572,000 tonnes.
Quang Trong Thao, deputy director of the department, said the province has restructured the sector to reduce near-shore fishing and expand off-shore fishing.
The province has strengthened advocacy to enhance fishermen's awareness of protecting fishery resources and penalises people who violate fishery exploiting and protecting regulations, he said.
The province is entering the natural ark clam and yellow clam harvest season, and is stepping up measures to protect the species from overexploitation.
The harvest will be done from now until May next year.
Only fishing boats of less than 12m in length have been granted licences to catch the clams, and they have to be equipped with sufficient tools to comply with catching regulations. The department has instructed relevant agencies and localities to tighten inspection over the activity and penalise violators.
In Kien Giang, ark clams and yellow clams are found mostly off the coasts of Kien Luong district and Ha Tien city.
Thao said the province catches hundreds of tonnes a year for both domestic consumption and export.
The province has zoned areas for farming aquatic species, especially shrimp and other high-value ones, Thao said.
It has strengthened fishery extension activities and taught farmers advanced farming techniques, especially for shrimp.
The shrimp yield with advanced methods is 30-50 tonnes per hectare per crop compared to 10-12 tonnes under traditional farming methods, according to the department.
The province has developed industrial shrimp breeding models using semi-biofloc and biofloc technology and a model of breeding in two stages to increase yield.
Under the latter, juvenile shrimp are first bred in a small pond for a few weeks before being transferred to the main pond for intensive breeding in the second stage.
During 2016-2019, the department set up 44 sites for farmers to visit and learn.
The model offers an average income of ₫280 million (US$12,000) per hectare per year.
The province has developed industrial shrimp breeding in the Long Xuyen Quadrangle and turned low-yield rice fields into rice-shrimp farming fields in which farmers cultivate the grain during the rainy season and breed shrimp the rest of the time.
The province, the delta's largest rice producer and one of the largest shrimp producers, has 100,000ha under rice-shrimp fields this year, 28% higher than in 2015.
- Asia News Network