Impact of PRRS & SIV and how spray-dried plasma (SDP) helps

Wednesday, November 24, 2021


Impact of PRRS & SIV and how spray-dried plasma (SDP) helps


APC

 
 

WHAT IS PRRS?

 

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is a viral disease characterized by two overlapping clinical presentations, reproductive impairment or failure in breeding animals, and respiratory disease in pigs of any age.

 

CAUSES OF PRRS IN PIGS

 

Pigs can get the PRRS virus through multiple routes, including oral-nasal, intra-muscular, intra-peritoneal, semen and vaginal infection. Once a herd becomes infected, PRRS virus establishes an endemic cycle of transmission that results in chronic or recurring episodes of reproductive and/or respiratory disease. Heat stress, seasonal changes, and co-infections including swine influenza virus (SIV) and mycoplasma pneumonia with PRRS significantly influences the severity of the disease.
 

  

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF PRRS

 

PRRS imposes a substantial financial burden on swine producers and impacts all phases of production (breeding herd, nursery, and grow/finish pigs). Along with increased abortions and still births it is estimated that annual revenue losses exceed more than $1 billion dollars and results in 8 million fewer pigs weaned in the United States alone.

 

How can nutrition help pigs experiencing symptoms of PRRS or SIV? The answer may include feeding plasma functional proteins.

 

Peer reviewed research has shown that nursery feed containing spray dried plasma can improve performance while reducing mortality of PRRS positive pigs.

 

Based on current economics, PRRS positive nursery pigs fed spray dried bovine plasma returned $2.40 per pig more on average.

  

SPRAY DRIED PLASMA (SDP) IMPROVES BODY WEIGHT

 

PRRS positive weaned pigs fed diets with spray dried bovine plasma (SDBP) had higher average BW by day 7 and day 21 in the nursery than control pigs fed diets with alternatives to SDBP. By the end of the study pigs fed diets with SDBP were 0.8 kg heavier than control pigs.

 

SDP REDUCES MORTALITY

 

PRRS positive pigs fed SDBP diets had lower mortality (21 of 480 pigs) compared to the control group diet that did not contain SDBP (35 of 480 pigs). At the end of the study mortality rates were 40% lower for pigs fed diets containing SDBP.

  

SDP REDUCES MORTALITY 50% IN GROW / FINISH PIGS

 

Pigs were positive for PRRS, SIV and PCV2 and having high mortality rates
 

 

SDP IMPROVES PERFORMANCE MEASURES IN SOWS

 

In a chronic PRRS sow herd using 0.5% SDP in gestation and lactation feed for sows resulted in better farrowing rate, more pigs weaned per mated sow and better economic returns.
 

  

REDUCES LUNG LESIONS & IMPROVES ADG

 

Pigs fed diets with SDBP & Solutein in drinking water had better ADG and lung lesions were reduced during SIV challenge.
 

 

PLASMA DERIVED PROTEINS HELP EASE THE IMPACT OF PRRS
 

Research trial results demonstrate that using plasma functional proteins in feed or drinking water can be effective in helping pigs in all phases of production better cope with the negative and detrimental effects brought on by PRRS and other common respiratory disease like SIV. Plasma helps to minimize the effects of stressors and get animals back to normal quickly, effectively, and consistently.

 

 

For more of the article, please click here.

 

Article made possible through the contribution of APC

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