China finds new way to test milk
China's Ministry of Agriculture announced a new testing method on Friday (Nov, 21) to determine the actual protein in milk products.
The method will eliminate the protein content of added products and thus help find if toxic chemicals such as melamine have been mixed with the milk products.
The method, recommended for food producers and regulators across the country, will separate melamine and other crude compounds that contain nitrogen from the real protein before analyzing the content, Hou Caiyun, a food testing expert who led the research team, said on Sunday (Nov 23).
Hou, who is also a professor in Beijing-based China Agricultural University, said that the ratio of melamine, if it has been mixed with milk, can be calculated indirectly in the process.
Food producers and quality supervisors have been determining the protein content in food products by also testing the nitrogen content, a method developed by Danish chemist Johan Kjeldahl in 1883.
But recently scientists found the Kjeldahl method does not distinguish melamine and other false nitrogen compounds from real protein. The white, talc-like chemical melamine can be mixed with animal feed, and milk and other food products to falsely raise the protein content.
The new method announced by the ministry uses a chemical to distinguish real protein from other nitrogen-containing compounds and can be conducted through common laboratory equipment, Hou said.
Moreover, the test costs far less than the exorbitant high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method, used till now to detect melamine in milk, she said.
Hou added that though the method is not compulsory, it will enhance the standard of food additives, too. She hopes it can raise the bar and stop some manufacturers from cutting corners to raise their profit.
She said the HPLC method, used specifically to detect melamine in fresh milk, should be resorted to in emergency cases.
Scientists are also trying to keep milk free of chemicals by using herbal medicines to treat bacterial infections in cows and increase their milk production.
Using antibiotics or hormones could reduce the quality of milk, Liang Jianping, a veterinary pharmacist with the Institute of Modern Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, told Xinhua News Agency earlier.