November 10, 2008
India Aqua Weekly: Government clears farming of vannamei shrimp (Week ended November 6, 2008)
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Price Summary
Except for Rahu (Andhra) and Rahu (Local), which gained price hikes of Rs. 100 and Rs. 500, all other varieties suffered a loss of more than Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 1,500 per variety.
The price loser was prawn category 'A' and 'B' suffering Rs. 1,000 each. Prawn category 'C' and Hilsa variety suffered Rs. 1,500 each per 100 kg
Market Analysis
Responding positively to the long pending demand of the aquaculture export industry, the India's Union Ministry of Agriculture has granted permission to farm the exotic litopenaeus vannamei species of shrimp in the country.
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries has notified the guidelines for import of the species and its cultivation in India. A separate notification carries the guidelines for hatchery production and culture of the species.
The permission for importing brood-stock of vannamei is to be granted by the Coastal Aquaculture Authority, keeping the annual requirements in mind. The imports are subject to bio-security and quarantine requirements, including isolated water supply systems and water treatment facilities. Restrictions have also been placed on import permit and port of entry.
The Coastal Aquaculture Authority (TCAA) would assess the annual requirement of species pathogen-free vannamei brood-stock before providing import permits to eligible applicants.  TCAA, in consultation with the National Fisheries Development Board, Central Institute of Brackish water Aquaculture and the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), would shortlist the vannamei suppliers based on the genetic base and disease free status. Import would be permitted only from such suppliers and Chennai would be the only permitted port of entry for the brood stock.
The pre-border quarantine requirements include certification that the batch of exported brood-stock were held in quarantine for a period of 12 days and should be pathogen-free. Also a certificate indicating the history of disease occurrence in the brood-stock rearing facility of the exporter should furnished.  
Only hatcheries, which are registered under the Coastal Aquaculture Act, would be permitted to import the brood-stock and produce seedlings. Prior to the rearing of vannamei, the facility would require the approval of the Coastal Aquaculture Authority and it should have strict bio-security controls.
The seafood industry in general has welcomed the notification and said that it would help to boost shrimp exports from the country.
Plans to boost ornamental fish exports to US$50 million by 2012
India's ornamental fish exports have almost doubled from Rs. 32 million in 2001-02 to Rs. 56 million in 2006-07, but remains quite insignificant compared with the export of food fish which is worth Rs 80,000 million a year.
The country's ornamental fish exports continue to be negligible at 0.06 percent. The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) has evolved a strategy to boost ornamental fish exports to US$50 million by 2012.
A study by the School of Industrial Fisheries of the Cochin University of Science and Technology has found that the ornamental fish industry in the country remains scattered with low production volumes.
Inadequate transport facilities, high airfreight charges and lesser or non-availability of brood stock have further hampered the growth of the industry.
However, the study conducted by Dr. A. Ramachandran highlighted that 90 percent of the current ornamental fish export was based on wild collection and that "capture based export is not sustainable in ornamental fish trade and it is a matter of concern for the industry."
In order to sustain the growth, the study said it was necessary to shift the focus from capture of ornamental fishes and ensure adequate supply through mass breeding.
The study pointed out that ornamental fish culture has several lessons to learn from the coastal aquaculture industries, several of which failed to take off and sustain the growth momentum due to financial and environmental causes.
India has a well-defined internal market for exotic ornamental fishes but quality assurance is lacking. The export market, which currently revolves around wild caught indigenous species, has to expand through aquaculture, which is to be backed by quality assurance and certification.
For improving the global market share, the study said a thorough analysis of the macro, micro and marketing environment has to be undertaken and a balanced strategy has to be implemented.
Market Forecast
Prices of fisheries are likely to remain slightly stable or on a downward variation in prices in the coming week as compared to the current week.

Weekly transacted prices of major seafood species in India


Prices as of Oct 29
(Rs/ 100 kg)

Prices as of Nov 06
(Rs/ 100 kg)

Price change
(Rs/ 100 kg)


Rs,    21, 500

Rs,    20, 000

 -   1, 500

Rahu (Andhra)

Rs.      5, 400

Rs.      5, 500


Rahu (Local)

Rs.      7, 000 

Rs.      7, 500


Prawn zambo a

Rs.    30, 000

Rs.    29, 000

 -   1, 000  

Prawn zambo b

Rs.    22, 500

Rs.    21, 500

 -   1, 000

Prawn zambo c

Rs.    13, 500 

Rs.    12, 000

 -   1, 500

US $ 1 = Rs. 47.410 (Nov 10, 2008)

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