August 17, 2022
Indiana, US farm event highlights importance of agricultural research
US Senator Mike Braun met with agricultural industry leaders on August 16 at an Indiana, US farm event to discuss how public support for agricultural research and development can address challenges to the United States' food system and the benefit global food security.
The event showed how the public sector, private sector and universities can work together to drive innovation and address challenges such as global hunger, food price inflation and supply chain risks.
"Hoosier farmers feed America, and though they are facing unique challenges, we also have unique opportunities to innovate and come out stronger than ever," said Braun. "I'm proud to be part of this event at Tom Farms in Leesburg to discuss how we can help Hoosier farmers thrive in a time of inflation and supply chain disruption, and honor the memory of Congresswoman Jackie Walorski who cared so much about the farmers she served."
US public investment in agricultural R&D has recently declined in real dollars since 2003, putting US trade and competitiveness at risk. Agriculture is particularly important to Indiana, where the sector contributes US$31.2 billion to the state's economy.
"Farmers are the bedrock of our global food system and have the huge task of feeding the world as populations grow," said Kip Tom, a former US ambassador. "Public investments in agricultural research are absolutely vital if we're going to be able to meet the needs of growing populations while also dealing with high input costs and limited natural resources."
Private sector research investments have had a significant impact, particularly on yields for large commodity crops such as corn and soybeans, but the public sector also has an important role to play. For example, public investment and public-private partnerships such as the Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research (FFAR) can support early stage research to pave the way for significant long-term innovations. Public investment can also support crop markets with smaller planted acres nationally, such as wheat and rice, as well as comparatively under-explored areas of animal health, environmental and food safety research.
"While Bayer aggressively invests in our own research and development, we believe that innovation doesn't happen in a vacuum," said Dr. Jacqueline Applegate, president of Bayer Crop Science North America. "Through ongoing collaborations and partnerships, we continue to unlock innovative solutions that help farmers produce crops more efficiently and sustainably."
In Indiana, research being done at Purdue University is helping solve a number of global hunger issues. For example, Purdue has been globally recognised as an innovative leader in the area of crop storage for smallholder farmers, developing the Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS) bags that hermetically seal to prevent harvested crops from being damaged by mold, insects or other pests. Another project backed by FFAR and Bayer Crop Science supports researchers at Purdue and Iowa State University in mapping and analysing corn traits to predict future yield trends.
"Conversations like these about the importance of agricultural research are critical as we work to drive agriculture and innovation forward to meet the needs of farmers, their families and consumers here in Indiana, the nation and the world," said Dr. Karen Plaut, Glenn W. Sample dean of agriculture at Purdue University. "As we see continued challenges on many fronts, investment in ag research and development must keep pace."
Agricultural research has one of the highest returns of any public investment, returning on average US$17 in benefits for every $1 invested. Yet today, China and Brazil now outspend the United States on public funding for agricultural research, threatening the country's competitive advantage in agriculture, according to a recent report commissioned by Farm Journal Foundation and the American Farm Bureau Federation.
"Supporting agricultural research is good for both global food security as well as national security," said Kassi Tom Rowland, a Farmer Ambassador with Farm Journal Foundation who co-hosted the event at Tom Farms. "Hunger around the world can lead to political unrest, immigration and instability, which pose risks for everyone. It is crucial, especially in this time of rising global hunger and food price inflation, that the US invests in ag R&D to prevent potential food crises in the future."
- Farm Journal Foundation