August 12, 2022
US court for Massachusetts allows delay of state law that will ban sale of some pork
A US federal court judge for the District of Massachusetts, the United States, signed an agreement on August 11 approving the delay of enforcement of a state law that would have banned the sale of pork that comes from animals not housed according to the state's prescriptive housing standards.
This agreement is limited to the pork sales provisions and does not apply to either the egg or veal provisions in the law which is called Question 3 (Q3).
A coalition led by the National Pork Producers Council, along with the National Restaurant Association and several New England restaurant and hospitality associations, filed suit seeking to stop the law's impeding implementation. The suit also asks the court to find the law unconstitutional.
Q3 was a 2016 Massachusetts ballot initiative set to go into effect on August 15, 2022. It is similar to California's Proposition 12, which is currently being reviewed by the US Supreme Court.
Q3 would ban any uncooked whole pork meat sold in the state that does not meet specific sow housing requirements, regardless of where it was produced.
Going further than Prop 12, the Massachusetts law would not allow the transshipment of whole pork through the state, thus jeopardising an estimated US$2 billion worth of pork that moves into neighboring New England states.
In June, the Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources released final rules implementing Q3. An FAQ Guidance Document was unveiled on July 11 and caused major concerns concerning the state's determination of the implementation date and its impact on shipments of pork transiting through Massachusetts to other states.
"This is a significant outcome as NPPC continues to push to preserve the rights of America's pig farmers to raise hogs in the way that is best for their animals and maintains a reliable supply of pork for consumers," said Terry Wolters, NPPC president and owner of Stoney Creek Farms in Pipestone, Minnesota. "The impact of Question 3 would have been particularly harmful to those in surrounding New England states who did not have a vote in the 2016 Massachusetts referendum, nor any notice of the dramatic steps that activists had taken trying to force these harmful initiatives on voters in other states."
Earlier, the office of Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healy and the coalition came to an agreement that the Q3 rule prohibiting sales of non-compliant pork should be put on hold at least until 30 days after the US Supreme Court issues a ruling in the lawsuit brought by NPPC and American Farm Bureau Federation to Proposition 12. This agreement is limited to only the pork sales provision of Q3 and producers located in Massachusetts are still required to comply with the in-state housing standards.
"Working cooperatively with the court and AG Healy's office to ensure already-constrained supply chains continue to work despite this unconstitutional law is a win for American families and local economies in New England and around the country," Wolters said. "Thanks to this agreement, and court order, New Englanders can still enjoy their favorite pork products — from bacon to ribs and BBQ this Labor Day weekend and throughout the rest of the year."
NPPC notes that nearly all pork produced in the US fails to meet Massachusetts Q3 standards.
Other parties in the agreement also praised the agreement.
"This delay is great news for restaurants and guests across Massachusetts. This ruling ensures that until this issue is ruled by the US Supreme Court, no major changes will take place in the Massachusetts pork supply," said Stephen Clark, president and chief executive officer of the Massachusetts Restaurant Association. "We have heard from countless restaurant owners and suppliers across Massachusetts concerned about the availably and cost of pork in the coming months. Of particular concern, is restaurant owners in the Latino and Asian restaurant community, pertaining to the availability of or more importantly, lack of compliant pork."
"This stay is the outcome that Rhode Island restaurant operators may not have even realised they needed," said Dale J. Venturini, president and CEO of the Rhode Island Hospitality Association. "The supply chain in our state is so challenging right now that this far-reaching regulation in Massachusetts would have been an uncontrollable and unexpected blow locally. For now, the status quo remains in place and diners in Rhode Island can be sure they'll still be able to get bacon for breakfast or on top of their Friday night burger."
- Farm Progress