August 8, 2016
 
Large outbreaks of cattle and swine diseases reported in Russia (Global Animal Disease Update) (week ended Aug 5, 2016)
 
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Large outbreaks of cattle and swine diseases were reported in Russia this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.
 
EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Sweden                                     

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Sweden, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 1 from Dr. Ingrid Eilertz, Chief Veterinary Officer Director and Head, Swedish Board of Agriculture Department for Animal Welfare and Health, Ministry for Rural Affairs, Jönköping, Sweden.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 7, with an outbreak reported on a farm in Ostergotlands Lan. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 73 others becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, traceability, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is permitted and a five-day penicillin treatment was given to the affected animals.

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in the Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 2 from Dr. Oleksandr Verzhykhovskiy, Deputy Head, State Veterinary and Phytosanitary Service of Ukraine, Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 26, 2014, with four outbreaks reported in Odessa and Chernigov. Seven fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 112 others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, disinfection, traceability, dipping/spraying, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.  First occurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Greece                     

A first occurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in the Greece, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 2 from Mr. Spiros Doudounakis, Director, Animal Health Directorate, Directorate General of Veterinary Services/Animal Health Directorare, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Athens, Greece.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 18, 2015, with six outbreaks reported in Dytiki Makedonia, Dytiki Ellada, Kentriki Makedonia and Voreio Aigaio. 24 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in two cattle dying and 531 cattle becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown but was reported to be related to outbreaks of lumpy skin disease in other Balkan countries.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Poland                          

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Poland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 3 from Dr. Krzysztof Jazdzewski, Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, General Veterinary Inspectorate, Varsovie, Poland.

Two outbreaks were reported to have started on May 22, 2014 on farms in Podlaskie. Four fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 536 becoming susceptible, which all were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zones, control of wildlife reservoirs and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

5.  Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia                           

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in the Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 4 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 25, 2016, with 15 outbreaks reported in the southwestern part of Russia. 284 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in six fatalities, 3,792 cattle becoming susceptible, and one destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and supportive treatment was given to the affected animals.

6.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Russia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in the Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 5 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 14, 2014, with 13 outbreaks reported in the western part of Russia. 82 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 76 fatalities, 18,605 swine becoming susceptible, and 3,913 which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included screening, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance outside and within containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and control of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.
 


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