August 1, 2016
Lallemand participates in joint annual meeting of key animal science bodies
At the 2016 Joint Annual Meeting of the American Society of Animal Science (ASAS), American Dairy Science Association® (ADSA), Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science (WSASAS) and the Canadian Society of Animal Science (CSAS), organisers set the tone with the theme "Animals and Science: Big Solutions for Grand Challenges."
As a science-driven company, Lallemand Animal Nutrition was pleased to once again actively participate in the event - as a pre-conference sponsor and presenting the Lallemand Animal Nutrition Award for Scientific Excellence in Dairy Nutrition. The recipient was Dr. Michael Steele from the University of Alberta, Canada.
Lallemand Animal Nutrition also submitted posters and presentations, which brought new insights to the ruminant feed additive and forage inoculant categories. "The studies presented this year that included solutions from Lallemand Animal Nutrition focused on both innovation and practical applications of existing technologies," Eric Chevaux, global applied R&D manager with Lallemand Animal Nutrition, said. "We are pleased to work with leading industry researchers to explore these important areas and help move the global livestock industries forward."
Laurent Dussert, category manager for Lallemand Animal Nutrition, commented on this year's event: "At a time when livestock production, as well as human and pet nutrition is at a turning point to move away from antibiotic usage, it is extremely interesting to see that emphasis was put on topics such as microflora management and probiotic solutions. Innovative applications for microbial solutions were highlighted throughout the conference such as immunity modulation, enhanced feeding behavior, reduced morbidity, pathogen control, as well as anxiety or allergies in pets, or food safety. This is clearly showing us the way forward."
Highlights from the week include the following studies:
- Effect of probiotics on the immune response and digestive system development: Immune response of newly received feedlot steers supplemented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae subspecies boulardii CNCM I-1079 during the receiving period. Schmidt T. et al. Researchers concluded that Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii CNCM I-1079 supplementation appears to have a significant impact on the immune response. When newly received feedlot steers were challenged with lipopolysaccharide, which is a bacterial toxin, the live yeast supplementation had a significant impact on the febrile and immune response of steers. In addition, the metabolic and hormonal status was improved and cortisol ─ also known as the stress hormone ─ was reduced. Metabolic response also was improved, as measured by and increased blood urea nitrogen and glucose levels.
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii improves acute phase response and phagocytosis during weaning in dairy calves. Fomenky B. et al. Data show that Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii has immunomodulatory effects in calves and a possible role in enhancing innate immune and inflammatory responses of calves during the critical stress period of weaning. Direct fed Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii might play a role in innate immunity as an early defense system against infections in calves.
- The impact of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Lactobacillus acidophilus on colon histomorphology and gene expression in rumen and ileum tissues of young dairy calves. Fomenky, B. et al. Data shows that feeding Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii altered the colon morphology and increased neutral mucin; an indication of early maturation in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii treated group. Results suggest that Saccharomyces cerevisiae boulardii could improve colon development in young dairy calves.
- Effect of probiotics on the rumen digestive flora regulation. Metabolome and microbiome associations after a grain and sugar challenge. Golder H. M. et al. This study aimed at identifying biomarkers for rumen acidosis and examine the effects of various rumen modifiers - antibiotics, buffer and monensin-live yeast association (Saccharomyces cerevisiae CNCM I-1077) - on rumen microflora populations and fermentation profiles following acidosis challenge in heifers. Histamine, valerate and propionate had the strongest association with acidosis, followed by ammonia and butyrate as specific markers of acidosis, pH being only a consequence of the accumulation of lactate and volatile fatty acids. The monensin-live yeast group showed the greatest difference in rumen microbiome as compared to the buffers and control. The feed additives appeared to influence different microbial populations after the challenge. Moreover, bacterial community of the monensin-live yeast heifers was associated with lower concentrations of ammonia, butyrate, and histamine. This group also had quite low lactic acid so it appears this feed additive combination was able to reduce both lactate and histamine concentrations. It could be concluded to a positive impact of the live yeast-monensin combination on the rumen environment during acidosis challenge. A lower rumen lactate and higher rumen pH lead to reduced histamine (major cause of laminitis) and better protein utilisation (lower ammonia).
- Influencing fermentation profiles and digestibility in different hybrid varieties, maturities and moisture levels when forages are inoculated. Bacterial and fungal community structure of conventional and brown midrib corn hybrids ensiled with or without a combo inoculant at high dry matter concentrations. Romero, J. et al. Inoculating 43% dry matter (DM) corn hybrids with Pediococcus pentosaceus 12455 and Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 resulted in silages with higher contents of acetic acid, lower populations of yeasts and molds, and improved aerobic stability compared to untreated ones. It was also shown that inoculated corn silage was dominated by Lactobacillaceae (>98% vs. 50% of untreated silages).
- Bacterial and fungal community structure of oats ensiled with or without a combo inoculant. Romero, J. et al. Final data showed that inoculating oats with Pediococcus pentosaceus 12455 and Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 at the time of ensiling led to significant improvements in aerobic stability and dry matter recovery of the silage. Additionally, it was concluded that inoculation improved silage quality partially by a shift in the microbial community structure during ensiling.
- Microbial count, fermentation, and aerobic stability of regular and brown midrib corn hybrids ensiled with or without a combo inoculant at high moisture concentrations. Romero, J. et al. Researchers concluded that inoculation with Pediococcus pentosaceus 12455 and Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 resulted in consistent enhancements in aerobic stability after 100 days of storage across all corn hybrids. The corn silages had higher concentrations of acetic acid and, subsequently, lower populations of yeasts and molds compared to untreated ones. Thus, showing an improved microbial profile.
- Inhibiting growth of food safety-related pathogens in forages. Inhibiting the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in alfalfa silage with silage additives. Ogunde, I. et al. Researchers noted that alfalfa contaminated with E. coli at ensiling had the pathogen eliminated by the fermentation process (pH drop), which happened faster in haylages treated with Lallemand Animal Nutrition microbial inoculants than by a chemical additive or nothing. After recontamination during feedout, all treated haylages had undetectable counts of E. coli.
- Microbial and chemical additives inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in corn silage. Ogunde, I. et al. Data showed E. coli that was artificially spiked in corn was eliminated during active phase of ensiling (more than seven days of storage) across treatments. Application of a chemical additive or L. buchneri 40788 suppressed the growth of the pathogen that was recontaminated in aerobically exposed corn silage. These silages were also more aerobically stable. Inoculation with homolactic bacteria did not have an effect on E. coli recontamination.