July 23, 2003


Fewer Cases Of BSE Detected In Germany During First Half Of 2003

During the first six months of 2003, 13 cases of confirmed bovine spongiform encephalopathy occurred in Germany, compared to 54 during the same period last year, according to information from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Foreign Agricultural Service web site, dated July 17 and released Tuesday.


As of June 30, 2003 the total number of confirmed BSE cases in Germany amounted to 251 cases. Out of these, 7 cases were detected in 2000, 125 cases in 2001 and 104 cases in 2002 and 13 cases in 2003. From July 1 through 14, 2003 an additional 4 cases were confirmed, the press release said.


From January through June 2003, a total of 1,257,177 BSE tests were conducted and 13 cases of BSE were confirmed.


Out of these, 5 cases were discovered through routine testing at slaughter, while the rest were either detected through mandatory testing of perished or put-down animals, or had shown clinical symptoms, or were part of destroyed herds or cohorts of a previously confirmed BSE cases (birth cohort = animals born on the same farm within 12 month before or after the birth, feeding cohort = animals that were raised together with animal with confirmed BSE within the first 12 months of life of the latter, all offspring).


Since Jan. 25, 2001, BSE tests at slaughter are mandatory in Germany for all cattle above the age of 24 months (the EU requires testing only at above 30 months, only cattle that had to be put-down have to be tested already at the age of above 24 months).




In CY 2002, Germany produced 1.317 million metric tons of beef. 198,000 MT of beef were imported, thereof 73,000 MT from outside the EU (mainly Argentina and Brazil). Exports amounted to 494,000 MT of which 165,000 MT were sent to destinations outside the EU (mostly Russia).


Source: USDA