July 15, 2016
 
Swine and ruminant diseases reported in Asia and Europe (Global Animal Disease Update) (week ended Jul 15, 2016)
 
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Swine and ruminant disease outbreaks were reported in Asia and Europe this week. The following report provides an overview of the disease situations.
 
ASIA

1.  Reoccurrence of Anthrax detected in Kazakhstan     

Reoccurrence of Bacillus anthtracis was detected in Kazakhstan, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 11 from Dr. Samat Tyulegenov, Director General, RSE "National Reference Center for Veterinary", Ministry of Agriculture, Astana, Kazakhstan.

The outbreak was reported to have started on July 9 on a farm in Irtyshsk, Irtyshskyi, Pavlodar. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 863 cattle, 839 sheep/goats and 181 swine becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, disinfection, quarantine and zoning. No treatment was given to the affected animals.

EUROPE

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Lithuania                 

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Lithuania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 11 from Dr. Jonas Milius, Director of the State Food and Veterinary Service, Siesiku g. 19, State Food and Veterinary Service, The Republic of Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 24, 2014, with two outbreaks reported in Utena and Kaunas. Two fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 11 others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and control of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia   
                       
Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 12 from Dr. Evgeny Nepoklonov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on May 25, with seven outbreaks reported in Stavropol'skiy Kray, Astrakhanskaya Oblast and Volgogradskaya Oblast. 253 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 2,714 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, quarantine, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted and treatment was given to the affected animals.

4.  First occurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Republic of Macedonia    

A first occurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Republic of Macedonia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 11 from Msc Zoran Popovski, Director, Food and Veterinary Agency, Food and Veterinary Agency, Skopje, Former Yug. Republic of Macedonia.

The outbreak was reported to have started on April 18, with 25 outbreaks reported in Stip, Probistip, Kriva Palanka, Kratovo, Sveti Nikole and Prilep. 38 cases were identified in cattle, with four fatalities, resulting in 754 others becoming susceptible. 56 were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, screening, disinfection, traceability, dipping/spraying, quarantine, surveillance within and outside of containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to the affected animals.
 
5.  Reoccurrence of Anthrax detected in Sweden

Reoccurrence of Bacillus anthtracis was detected in Sweden, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on July 11 from Dr. Ingrid Eilertz, Chief Veterinary Officer Director and Head, Swedish Board of Agriculture Department for Animal Welfare and Health, Ministry for Rural Affairs, Jönköping, Sweden.

The outbreak was reported to have started on July 7 on a farm in Ödeshög, Farm, Ödeshög, Östergötlands Lan in the southern part of Sweden. Three fatal cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 216 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown, but the animals are believed to have been infected by spores from soil on the pasture.

Control measures, among others, included movement control inside the country, traceability, and official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to the affected animals. Disinfection is to be applied.
 


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