July 13, 2022


ASF reported in Bihar, India



African swine fever (ASF) has been detected in Bihar, India.


The Bihar state government has sent an advisory to all 38 districts, alerting them to monitor any suspected outbreak and the culling of pigs is being done in the affected zone. This is the first time ASF has been detected in the state.


Saran, Nalanda and East Champaran are the affected districts so far, with the latter being the latest in the series. Over 1,000 swine have died in the outbreak in these districts.


Samples collected from different places in these districts were sent to the Bhopal-based National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD). The tests reported the presence of the virus that causes the disease.


"The outbreak of African swine fever has been detected in Raxaul town of East Champaran district. It is along the Indo-Nepal border," East Champaran district magistrate Shirsat Kapil Ashok told The Telegraph. "The animal husbandry department had taken some samples for tests and they have turned out to be positive."


Ashok added that the area was being earmarked in Raxaul to start the mandatory culling of pigs in the light of the spread of the virus. Other precautionary measures were also being initiated to contain the disease.


Sources in the Bihar animal husbandry department said that there was a strong possibility that the ASF could have reached Bihar from Nepal, where pigs are reared in large numbers.


"As per the National Action Plan for control, containment and eradication of African swine fever, we are culling pigs in a 1km radius from the epicentre," said Pramod Kumar, a veterinary doctor at the animal husbandry department. "This area is designated as the infected zone. Beyond that a surveillance zone is declared up to 10km radius from the epicentre."


Kumar added that samples taken from dead pigs in Bhojpur and Patna districts tested negative for ASF in the Bhopal laboratory.

- The Telegraph

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