July 12, 2021
EU sees more ASF outbreaks in Q1 2021
African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks occurring in both wild boar and pigs in the European Union have increased in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020.
According to data provided by the EU's Animal Disease Notification System (ADNS-ADIS), the number of ASF outbreaks in wild boar has risen to 7,429, slightly higher than in the same period of 2020 when 7,144 outbreaks were reported.
In domesticated pigs, numbers have soared (346 outbreaks in the first half of 2020 versus 526 in the first half of this year).
Looking at individual countries, the data for Bulgaria are encouraging, with a decrease in outbreaks both in wild boar (177 versus 340 for the first semester of 2021 and 2020, respectively) and in pigs (zero this year compared to 17 in the first semester of 2020 or 19 total in 2020). Lithuania, Poland and Hungary have also shown positive data compared to 2020.
Concerning outbreaks in domesticated pigs, Poland remained without ASF present during the first months of the year. However, since March, the country has already reported 10 outbreaks scattered throughout its territory.
The situation in Slovakia has worsened, with 1194 cases in wild boar, compared to 125 in the first half of 2020. The country remained free of ASF until July 25, 2019, when veterinary authorities confirmed an outbreak on a backyard farm with four pigs in Trebisov district, about 500 meters from the border with Hungary and about 20km from the border with Ukraine. Both countries were affected by the disease.
In regards to the presence of the disease in Slovakia's domesticated pigs, only one outbreak has been reported so far this year.