July 3, 2008

 

Optimising performance amid feed crisis
 
Press Release

 

 

The poultry industry in the Philippines is indeed facing many challenges to its profitability. With its high dependence on corn and soymeal imports, meat and egg production costs in the country looks grim.

 

This was the focus of Alltech's seminar held recently on how these circumstances would gravely affect Philippine poultry and of the entire Southeast Asia. According to Cemlyn Martin, Alltech's Southeast Asia general manager, there are two ways that broiler, breeder or egg table producers can react: minimise costs or maximise performance.

 

To realise the latent genetic potential provided by breeding companies, Martin says producers should be utilising proven available nutritional technologies to maximise performance and minimise feed conversion ration. In this case, Martin says the use of organic selenium (Se)  in chick diet in its first seven days have been proven to help producers achieve the genetic potential of the bird and maximise farmers' profits.

 

Professor Peter Surai, research scientist from the Scottish Agricultural College and University of Glasgow in UK, explains that Se is an essential element for animal and its optimal status is a way to good health, productive and reproductive performance. Major mechanism of organic Se action is an ability to build Se reserves in the body which are used in stress conditions providing better adaptability in stress conditions.

 

Surai also says sodium Se is not an appropriate form of Se in the chicken/animal diet because of the following reasons:
  • pro-oxidant
     
  • reacts with ascorbic acid with formulation of metallic Se (non-available) and vitamin C is lost
     
  • absorbs water from atmosphere, dissolved and evaporated
     
  • electrostatic and can be attracted by different mixing facilities and lost from the feed
     
  • penetrates the skin and can cause allergic problems in the feed mill workers
     
  • does not build Se reserves in the body and is not effective in stress conditions
The process of solid state fermentation or SSF is also proven to raise farmers' profits. According to Dr Alison Leary, Alltech's manager key account for technical services, raw material availability and prices (especially corn, wheat, soymeal and phosphate sources) are increasingly in crisis. Digestibility and utilisation of raw materials, she says, is critical to improve profitability in modern poultry farming. Leary believes that SSF is the complete solution to the current crisis because it is able to:
  • improve performance by adding on-top of low density diets
     
  • reduce feed cost by reformulating the diet to account for the additional nutrient release
     
  • improve flexibility of ingredients by including higher concentrations of by-products

Such in the case of the early chick nutrition, giving importance of a right start. Dr. Peter Spring, a professor from Swiss College of Agriculture, relates that it takes ten or more days to mature its digestive system. In order to develop the digestive and immune system rapidly, the chick has to be fed as quickly as possible and only a highly digestible pre-starter diet (200 grams per bird) can provide sufficient nutrients to the young bird.

 

For this situation, NuPro and SelPlex are what the breeders needed to optimize their animals' performance. SelPlex, according to Surai, is the most effective natural form of Se for chickens, pigs and ruminants. On the other hand, Spring concludes an inclusion of NuPro in the pre-starter has shown on average to yield at 60-70 grams heavier bird at slaughter. NuPro contains among other ingredients highly available peptides to meet the protein need of the chick and nucleotides for optimal gut and immune system development.

 

NuPro and SelPlex are products of Alltech. The company is conducting a seminar in Southeast Asia with a focus on these products to aid poultry farmers in times of feed crisis.

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