June 20, 2024

 

Disease outbreaks impact livestock supply in Indonesia

 

 


Indonesia is facing a reduced supply of sacrificial livestock for this year Muslim festival Day of Sacrifice, with farmers remaining cautious due to ongoing disease outbreaks, The Jakarta Post reported.

 

The Indonesian Meat Butcher and Trader Network (JAPPDI) projects a 13% to 17% drop in the supply of goats, sheep, and cattle for the festival, down from last year's 2.7 million heads.

 

Farmers are hesitant to sell their livestock due to concerns over the spread of lumpy skin disease (LSD) and foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), which have not been eradicated. The total supply of sacrificial animals to the Greater Jakarta area from other provinces has not reached the same figure as last year, said JAPPDI chairman Asnawi.

 

Indonesia has been combating FMD since 2022 after being free of the disease for three decades. That year, cattle breeders saw a drop in demand and are now facing potential losses during what should be their most profitable season.

 

The Indonesian Agriculture Ministry confirmed an outbreak of LSD last year, with peak cases reaching 53,000 for FMD and 58,000 for LSD. These figures have since declined to around 3,000 and 2,000 cases, respectively, as of early June.

 

Despite the reduced supply, Asnawi believes demand will increase due to the government's progress in handling these diseases. Cattle weighing around 300 kg are priced between IDR 18 million (US$1,107) and IDR 22 million (US$1,338), while those weighing 400 kg are sold for IDR 25 million (US$1,520) to IDR 35 million (US$2,192).

 

The Agriculture Ministry projects a 5% year-on-year increase in demand for sacrificial livestock, reaching around 1.9 million this year. Nanang Purus, chairman of the Indonesian Cattle and Buffalo Breeders Association (PPSKI), noted that some farmers, particularly in East Nusa Tenggara, have opted not to sell their livestock, leading to a decline in supplies from the region. However, regions such as Bali, East Java, Central Java, and Lampung are expected to help combat this decline by distributing more livestock.

 

This year's national sacrificial livestock supply is estimated at 2.06 million, with demand at 1.97 million, resulting in a projected surplus of around 90,000 heads. This surplus is lower than last year's figure, which almost reached a million heads.

 

The Agriculture Ministry has dispatched a team to monitor sacrificial livestock conditions, especially in the Greater Jakarta Area. Measures include checking livestock health certificates, verifying ear tags, and deploying animal health officers to carry out routine checks at livestock shelters.

 

Tira Mutiara, a researcher at the Institute for Demographic and Poverty Studies (IDEAS), noted that several middle-income Muslims may not participate in the sacrifice this year due to layoffs and stagnating or declining income. This trend is seen mostly among those sacrificing goats and sheep, which have a lower price tag than cattle. The number of participants sacrificing goats and sheep declined by 7% year-on-year to 709,000, while those sacrificing cattle increased by 21% to 77,600, reflecting the widening income gap between middle to low earners and high earners.

 

-      The Jakarta Post

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