May 10, 2022


Vietnam's aquaculture area affected by diseases spiked nearly 14% at start of 2022



Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development coordinated with Ca Mau People's Committee to organise the conference "Prevention and control of disease on fishery products in 2022" on May 7.


According to a report from the country's Department of Animal Health, despite the difficulties caused by the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the prevention of aquatic diseases continued to achieve important results.


The disease-affected aquaculture area in 2021 was over 5,600 hectares, down 33% over the same period in 2020. Dangerous aquatic diseases remained under control and newly emerging dangerous diseases were successfully prevented from entering the country.


However, from the start of 2022, the aquaculture area in Vietnam affected by diseases is approximately 1,200 hectares, an increase of nearly 14% compared to the same period in 2021.


The affected shrimp farming area is nearly 1,000 hectares; mainly affected by white spot disease and Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND). Approximately 406 aquaculture rafts and net ponds in An Giang, Dong Thap and Ben Tre suffered some common diseases.


Through field inspection, the infections mainly occurred in black tiger shrimp extensive farming pond due to full exploitation of natural ponds, lagoons and water sources to breed many aquatic species at the same time. Causes have been blamed on the failure to invest in pond and farming environment improvement and not providing adequate supplementary food for breeds.


"The COVID-19 epidemic had severely affected all fields in 2021 including economy, life, culture and tourism," said Vietnam's Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Phung Duc Tien. "The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) had also warned that there would be a large number of people having to suffer food shortages in the near future. In the case of Vietnam, we were unable to import many kinds of materials for animal feed production, veterinary medicine, aquaculture inputs and fertiliser production, causing serious problems to our country's agro-production."


In the first four months of 2022, Vietnam's aquaculture output reached 1.37 million tonnes.


Mr. Chau Cong Bang, deputy director of the Ca Mau Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said: "The total fishery production in the first four months of 2022 reached over 200,000 tonnes, in which fishing output reached 77,000 tonnes and aquaculture production reached nearly 130,000 tonnes. Seafood export turnover to April 2022 reaches nearly US$400 million. The aquaculture acreage is 280,000 hectares, specifically, in the area of super-intensive and intensive shrimp farming is nearly 8,000 hectares. The area for improved extensive shrimp farming is 172,000 hectares."


In the first four months of 2022, 9,300 hectares of super-intensive, intensive and extensive shrimp farming has been damaged by diseases.


"Ca Mau province plays a very important role in our country's agriculture, especially in the field of fishery," said Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Tien. "Ca Mau is also considered the ‘fishery product vault' of the Mekong Delta region with its fishing output continuously increasing over the years. It is therefore extremely important to promote disease prevention and control measures as well as invest in the seafood production chain of the province."


- Báo Nông nghiệp Việt Nam

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