April 6, 2019
The Philippines' swine population totalled 12.71 million as of Jan.1, rising 0.83% from 12.60 million as of Jan. 1, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).
The PSA said in its annual swine situation report released recently that the total supply of live hogs in 2018 was at 41.44 million heads, a 1.54% increase compared with the previous year's 40.82 million heads. Out of this number, total disposition of hogs was 28.73 million heads, which was 1.85% more than the previous year's 28.21 million heads. The number of hogs slaughtered in 2018 increased 2.10%, while deaths/losses decreased by 4.55%.
Population of swine in both backyard and commercial farms as of Jan. 1 increased 0.93% (to 8.17 million heads from 8.09 million in the previous year) and 0.66% (to 4.54 million from 4.51 million), respectively.
The PSA explained that growth in swine inventory was brought about by increases in the number of sow, grower and other ages. These three age classifications had a combined share of 66.85% to the total swine inventory.
Region with highest inventory
The region with the highest inventory of swine as of Jan. 1 was Central Luzon, which is composed of the seven provinces of Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales.
It was followed by Calabarzon (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon provinces) and Western Visayas (Antique, Aklan, Guimaras, Iloilo, Capiz and Negros Occidental provinces) regions.
These three regions accounted for 38.35% of the country's total swine inventory.
The total volume of hog production in 2018 was 2,319,760 tonnes, liveweight. This was 2.42% higher than the 2,265, 020 tonnes, liveweight, output in 2017.
Central Luzon produced the highest volume of hog at 472,552 tonnes, liveweight, followed by Calabarzon (with 381,590 tonnes, liveweight) and Northern Mindanao (196,623 tonnes, liveweight). These three regions contributed 45.30% to the country's total hog production. (Northern Mindanao comprises Camiguin, Misamis Oriental, Lanao del Norte, Bukidnon and Misamis Occidental provinces.)
In 2018, pork imports totalled 312.5 million tonnes, up 13.85% from the 274.49 million tonnes in 2017.
The annual average farmgate price of live hogs for slaughter in 2018 was 115.58 pesos (US$2.22) per kilogramme, liveweight, up 8.29% from the 2017 price of PhP106.73 ($2.05)/kilogramme, liveweight.