January 28, 2023


Cambodia exported over 160,000 tonnes of corn in first 11 months of 2022



Cambodia's Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries said the country's official exports of dried red corn kernels totaled 163,673.96 tonnes in the first 11 months of 2022, a decrease of 8.08% from the 178,069.34 tonnes booked in the same period of 2021, The Phnom Penh Post reported.


The corn was exported to Thailand, Vietnam, and China.


The ministry reported that 921.66 tonnes, or just 0.56% of the total 5,222,056.19 tonnes of official agricultural exports logged for January to November 2022, were sold to China. Dried red corn kernels made up 3.13% of those exports. There were no separate Vietnam or Thailand figures provided.


Red corn is typically processed as livestock feed, and it is harvested twice a year in Cambodia in the months of June and August, and again in the months of October and February of the following year. The precise dates can vary significantly depending on the weather, the state of the fields, and maintenance.


Kim Hout, director of the Battambang provincial department of commerce, said the province's red corn kernel exports to Thailand decreased slightly in 2022 compared to 2021.


But he also said farmers' profit margins increased as high demand from Thailand drove up grain prices by about 20% year-on-year.


He said traders typically export about 80% of the red corn grown in Battambang and other provinces near the Thai border to Thailand, leaving almost no corn for local producers of livestock feed.


The cultivation area of all corn varieties, red or otherwise, in the province was reported by the Battambang provincial Department of Agriculture to be 116,699ha in 2022, of which 5,331ha or 4.57% was materially damaged, compared to the 2021 total area of 53,352ha, with 3,388ha or 6.35% being materially damaged.


Department statistics showed Battambang's total corn production increased by 127.5% to 649,328 tonnes in 2022, from 285,414 tonnes the previous year.


Hout was unable to provide estimates when asked how much land was planted in corn in various communities, but he said that widespread cassava crop rotation makes it challenging to even get approximations for any given period.


-      The Phnom Penh Post

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