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December 23, 2019

Various viral diseases of different species reported in Asia and EuropGlobal Animal Disease Update (December 9-20, 2019)

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Various viral diseases of different species were reported in Asia and Europe in the past fortnight. The following report provides an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 9 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 16, with eight outbreaks reported in the country. Nine cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 419 becoming susceptible, and eight were slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Russia

A first occurrence of Newcastle disease was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 17 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 20, with two outbreaks reported in Kurskaya Oblast. 45 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 83 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       First occurrence of caprine anthritis/encephalitis virus detected in United Kingdom

A first occurrence of caprine arthritis/encephalitis virus was detected in United Kingdom, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 16 from Dr. Christine Middlemiss, Chief Veterinary Officer, DEFRA, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, United Kingdom.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 12, with one outbreak reported in Northern Ireland. One case was identified in goats, resulting in six becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, traceability and quarantine. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 10 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 11, with six outbreaks reported in Changhua county, Yunlin county and Taipei city. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 45,341 became susceptible, 1,256 died and all remaining were killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in Myanmar

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype A, was detected in Myanmar, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 16 from Dr. Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

The outbreak was reported to have started on December 12, with two outbreaks reported in Yangon. Five cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 28 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was illegal movement of animals, contact with infected animals at grazing/watering, and fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.).

Control measures included surveillance outside containment and protection zones, traceability, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Indonesia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Indonesia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 17 from Dr. I Ketut Diarmita, Director General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, Livestock and Animal Health Services, Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

The outbreak was reported to have started on November 27, with 392 outbreaks reported in Sumatera. 28,136 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 1,228,951 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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