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World

December 18, 2018

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and China Global Animal Disease Update (December 14, 2018)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 

First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Romania and China this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 11 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 23, with four outbreaks reported in Solothurn, Vaud and Jura. Six cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 572 cattle becoming susceptible, and three being slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 11 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 20, with five outbreaks reported in Calarasi and Ilfov. 329 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 14 swine dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 10 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 25, with two outbreaks reported in Shaanxi and Guizhou. 24 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 199 others becoming susceptible which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of classical swine fever virus detected in Japan

Re occurrence of classical swine fever virus was detected in Japan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 11 from Dr. Norio Kumagai, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 9, with nine outbreaks reported in Gifu. Ten cases were identified in wild boar, one case was identified in swine, resulting in 23 swine becoming susceptible, one wild boar and one swine dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, disinfection, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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