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World

December 11, 2018

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and Japan Global Animal Disease Update (December 7, 2018)

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First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Romania and Japan last week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of brucella melitensis detected in Croatia

Reoccurrence of brucella melitensis was detected in Croatia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 3 from Dr. Damir Tudan, Assistant Minister, Chief Veterinary Officer, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 28, with one outbreak reported in Sisacko-Moslavacka. Three cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 29 cattle becoming susceptible, and five being slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included slaughter. Disinfection is to be applied. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 3 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 4, with 16 outbreaks reported in the whole country. 87 cases were identified in wild boar, 102 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 87 wild boars and six swine dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 5 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 30, with two outbreaks reported in Sumy and Zhitomir. Five fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 217 others becoming susceptible which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.
Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, stamping out, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Greece

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 16, was detected in Greece, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 4 from Chrysoula Dile, Head, Animal Health Directorate, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Athens, Greece.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, 2017, with two outbreaks reported in Notio Aigaio. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 293 cattle, 29 goats and 141 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, control of vectors, and vector surveillance. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 4 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 23, with one outbreak reported in Basel-Lanschaft. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in 19 cattle becoming susceptible, and one being slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

6.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Japan

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Japan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 3 from Dr. Norio Kumagai, Director, Chief Veterinary Officer, Animal Health Division, Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 9, with 42 outbreaks reported in Gifu. 41 cases were identified in wild boar, four cases were identified in swine, resulting in 491 swine becoming susceptible, 14 wild boar dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, disinfection, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

7.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Taiwan

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza, serotype H5N2, was detected in Taiwan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on December 4 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, 2015, with two outbreaks reported in Yunlin county. 146 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 3,584 others becoming susceptible, which were all being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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