December 9, 2013
In the next five years, China and Global Environment Facility (GEF) will jointly invest US$30.1 million in Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) Project in China.
This was announced at the Consultation Workshop of the Ministry of Agriculture-World Bank-Global Environment Facility (MOA-WB-GEF) Climate Smart Agriculture Project held in Beijing on December 4, 2013.
According to the Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China, the Project aims at exploring agricultural production systems, patterns and policy innovation in CSA, increasing adaptation of farming to climate changes and promoting energy saving and emission reduction in agriculture. The project is expected to set a good example for the world on how to cope with climate changes.
Wang Yanliang, deputy director-general of MOA Department of Science, Technology and Education and director-general of MOA Agricultural Ecology & Resource Protection Centre pointed out during the workshop the challenges of China's agriculture, including loss of soil organic carbon, excessive application of nitrogen fertilisers and emission cut commitment.
MOA is determined to shift from conventional intensive production systems to intensive production systems which attach equal importance to efficiency, environment and yield. CSA technology fully fits into the new-type production systems as it increases soil fertility and cuts GHG emission.
The project will target at rice, wheat and corn production systems at demonstration bases in Anhui and Henan provinces, according to Wang. The project will pilot on energy-saving production and policy support systems, including integrated key technologies of emission cut and carbon sequestration, development of new supportive policies, and awareness-raising activities.
Mark R. Lundell, sector manager for the Sustainable Development Department (SD) for China and Mongolia of the World Bank (WB) stated that the CSA Project will facilitate climate change adaptation, emission cut, food security and sustainable agricultural development, but also build up a platform for information sharing and deeper cooperation between China and related international organisations.
CSA is agriculture that is resilient and adapted to climate change. It helps reduce emissions and sequester carbon, hence to maintain ecosystem services and biodiversity, and to reduce pressure on forest.