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December 4, 2018

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and China Global Animal Disease Update (November 30, 2018)
 
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First occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) were detected in Romania and China last week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 26 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 23, with 11 outbreaks reported in the whole country. 13 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 593 cattle becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 26 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 36, with three outbreaks reported in Bihor and Braila. 43 cases were identified in swine, resulting in one swine dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 27 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 7, with one outbreak reported in Hubei. Nine cases were identified in swine, resulting in 63 becoming susceptible, five dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was swill feeding.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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