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December 3, 2019

Reoccurrences of viral cattle diseases reported in Europe and Asia Global Animal Disease Update (November 29, 2019)

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Reoccurrences of viral cattle diseases were reported in Europe and Asia in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Belgium

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Belgium, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 25 from Dr. Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on February 19, with one outbreak reported in Namur. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 88 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 26 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 16, with six outbreaks reported in Bern and Luzern. Seven cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 281 becoming susceptible, and seven were slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, zoning, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

AMERICAS

3.       Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in United States of America

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in United States of America, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 25 from Dr. Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office, USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, 2018, with two outbreaks reported in California. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 144 birds became susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 
ASIA

4.       Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in Myanmar

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in Myanmar, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 25 from Dr. Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 10, with 13 outbreaks reported in Sagaing, Magwe and Shan State. 523 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 3,699 becoming susceptible and 11 dying. The source of the outbreaks was illegal movement of animals, contact with infected animals at grazing/watering, and fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.).

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, traceability, zoning, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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