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Market Reports

November 27, 2018
 
New strain of bluetongue virus detected in Turkey Global Animal Disease Update (November 23, 2018)

An eFeedLink Exclusive
 

A new strain of bluetongue virus was detected in Turkey last week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.

EUROPE

1.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 19 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, with 21 outbreaks reported in Constanta, Bihor, Braila, Calarasi, Tulcea and Satu Mare. 177 cases were identified in swine, seven cases identified in wild boar, resulting in 47 swine and five wild boar dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Cyprus

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 4, was detected in Cyprus, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 19 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 18, with ten outbreaks reported in Ammochostos, Paphos and Larnaca. 23 cases were identified in sheep, 15 cases were identified in sheep/goats and one case was identified in goats, resulting in 1,132 sheep, 2,876 sheep/goats and 731 goats becoming susceptible, and two sheep and one sheep/goats dying. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       New strain of bluetongue virus detected in Turkey

A new strain of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Turkey, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 20 from Dr. Nihat Pakdil, Deputy Undersecretary of Ministry, Vetrinary Services, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Ankara, Turkey.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 19, with one outbreak reported in Adana. 23 cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 214 sheep becoming susceptible, and 11 sheep dying. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within containment and protection zone, quarantine, disinfection, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 20 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 23, with 19 outbreaks reported in the whole country. One case was identified in sheep and 21 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 80 sheep and 1,029 cattle becoming susceptible, and 15 cattle were slaughtered. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and control of vectors. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       First occurrence of sheep pox and goat pox detected in Russia

A first occurrence of sheep pox and goat pox was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 21 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 22, with one outbreak reported in Tul'Skaya Oblast. Ten cases were identified in sheep, resulting in 81 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, selective killing and disposal, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

6.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on November 19 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 5, with four outbreaks reported in Sichuan, Heilongjiang and Hubei. 336 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 1,686 becoming susceptible, 305 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

 


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