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November 19, 2018


First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and China Global Animal Disease Update (November 5-16, 2018)


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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Romania and China the past fortnight. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.


EUROPE


1.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania


A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 13 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 4, with ten outbreaks reported in Arges, Bihor, Constanta and Teleorman. 166 cases were identified in swine, one case was identified in wild boar, resulting in 24 swine and one wild boar dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.


2.       Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Greece


Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 16, was detected in Greece, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 5 from Chrysoula Dile, Head, Animal Health Directorate, Ministry of Rural Development and Food, Athens, Greece.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, with three outbreaks reported in Aigaio. One case was identified in sheep/goats and two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 226 sheep/goats and 34 sheep becoming susceptible, and one sheep/goats dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, control of vectors, and vector surveillance. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.


3.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine


Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 6 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 26, with one outbreak reported in Chernovtsy. Two fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 2,328 others becoming susceptible which were killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.


4.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Russia


Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5, was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 6 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 9, with one outbreak reported in Voronezhskaya Oblast. 122,300 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 342,300 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.


5.       Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia


Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 13 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 11, with two outbreaks reported in Omskaya Oblast. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in seven becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, selective killing and disposal, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. No treatment was given to affected animals.


AMERICAS


6.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Brazil


Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Brazil, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 6 from Dr. Figueiredo Marques Guilherme Henrique, Director, Departamento de Saúde Animal, Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuaria e Abastecimento, Brasilia, Brazil.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 6, with seven outbreaks reported in Ceara. 125 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 206 becoming susceptible, 100 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.


ASIA


7.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China


A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 6 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 22, with one outbreak reported in Hunan. 11 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 119 becoming susceptible, four dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.


8.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Vietnam


Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N6, was detected in Vietnam, the OIE reports.


The information was received by the OIE on November 5 from Dr. Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam.


The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 30, with one outbreak reported in Nghe An. 720 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 1,500 becoming susceptible, 280 dying and all remaining being destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.


Control measures included vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.

 


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