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November 5, 2019

OIE continues to update on first occurrences of ASF in Europe and Asia Global Animal Disease Update (November 1, 2019)

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The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) continues to update on first occurrences of African swine fever (ASF) in Europe and Asia last week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 29 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 26, with one outbreak reported in Novosibirskaya Oblast. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 1,095 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactive the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. No treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 30 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 10, 2018, with 40 outbreaks reported in the whole country. 4,177 cases were identified in swine, 25 cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 56 swine and 14 wild boar dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

3.  Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 29 from Dr. Wen-Jane Tu, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Yunlin county. The number of cases identified was not calculated because of missing information. 1,201 birds became susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, quarantine, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  Reoccurrence of peste des petits ruminants virus detected in Israel

Reoccurrence of peste des petits ruminants virus was detected in Israel, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 29 from Dr. Tamir Goshen, Acting Director, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Beit Dagan, Israel.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 10, with one outbreak reported in Hazafon. 30 cases were identified in sheep/goats, resulting in 150 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. No treatment was given to affected animals.

5.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Philippines

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Philippines, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 30 from Dr. Ronnie Domingo, Officer-In-Charge, Chief Veterinary Officer, Bureau of Animal Industry, Department of Agriculture, Manila, Philippines.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 30, with nine outbreaks reported in Second District and Pangasinan. 87 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 271 becoming susceptible, 59 dying and 5,131 being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was illegal movement of animals, swill feeding, and fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.).

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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