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November 5, 2018

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and China Global Animal Disease Update (November 2, 2018)

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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Romania and China this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 29 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 18, with four outbreaks reported in Vrancea, Buzau and Braila. 4,929 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 62 dying and nine swine being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zone, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 29 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 22, with one outbreak reported in Hunan. 106 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 12,741 becoming susceptible, 99 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 29 from Dr. Chun-Ping Cheng, Secretary General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Yunlin county. 2,730 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 3,585 others becoming susceptible which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection, screening, traceability, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, official destruction of animal products, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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