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October 22, 2018
 
First occurrence of ASF detected in Romania (Global Animal Disease Update) (Oct 19, 2018)

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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Romania and China this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.   Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus detected in Switzerland

Reoccurrence of bluetongue virus, serotype 8, was detected in Switzerland, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 15 from Hans Wyss, Chief Veterinary Officer, Schwarzenburgstrasse 161, Swiss Federal Veterinary Office, Liebefeld Berne, Switzerland.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 23, with one outbreak reported in Jura. 38 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 150 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was vectors.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, disinfection, and control of vectors. No treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 16 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 3, with 31 outbreaks reported across the whole country. 473 cases were identified in swine, 14 cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 36 swine and ten wild boar dying, and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 16 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on October 3, with one outbreak reported in Odessa. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in six becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.   Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Romania

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 17 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 2, with one outbreak reported in Botosani. One fatal case identified in swine, resulting in 20 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, selective killing and disposal, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.   Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 17 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 4, 2015, with one outbreak reported in Rovno. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 55 others becoming susceptible, which were all destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, disinfection or disinfestation, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zones, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.   Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Georgia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Georgia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 17 from Dr. Lasha Avaliani, Head of Veterinary Department, Veterinary Department, National food Agency, Tbilisi, Georgia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 1, with one outbreak reported in Samtskhe-Javakheti. Three cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 1,300 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, disinfection, disinfestation, control of vectors, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. No treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

7.   First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on October 16 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 3, with seven outbreaks reported in Liaoning. 1,584 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 36,046 becoming susceptible, 1,537 dying, and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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