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World

October 1, 2018

First occurrences of ASF detected in Romania and China Global Animal Disease Update (September 28, 2018)
 
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First occurrences of African swine fever were detected in Romania and China this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Italy

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Italy, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 24 from Dr. Silvio Borrello, Chief Veterinary Officer, Food Safety and Collegial Bodies for Health Protection, Ministère de la Santé, Department for Veterinary Public Health, Rome, Italy.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 18, with two outbreaks reported in Sicilia. Three fatal cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 119 cattle and 155 sheep becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 24 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 29, with 46 outbreaks reported in the whole country. 31,921 cases were identified in swine, 18 cases were identified in wild boar, resulting in 430 swine and eight wild boars dying, and 11,206 swine were killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 25 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on November 4, 2016, with three outbreaks reported in Nikolayev and Kiev. Four fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 917 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included disinfection, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, surveillance within containment and protection zones, control of wildlife reservoirs, and zoning. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.       First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in China

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 24 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak was reported to have started on September 14 in Inner Mongolia. Four cases were identified in swine, resulting in 388 becoming susceptible, two dying and 386 being destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, and disinfestation. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 
5.       Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Kazakhstan
 
Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Kazakhstan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 26 from Dr. Tursyn Kabduldanov, Deputy Chairman, Committee for Veterinary Control and Supervision, Ministry of Agriculture, Astana, Kazakhstan.

The outbreak was reported to have started on September 21 in East Kazakhstan. Two cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 559 cattle becoming susceptible and two cattle dying. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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