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September 9, 2019

Viral diseases of various species reported across 4 continents (Global Animal Disease Update) (Sep 6, 2019)

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Viral diseases of various species were reported across four continents in the past week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.   Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 4 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 26, with three outbreaks reported in Novosibirskaya Oblast and Omskaya Oblast. 20 cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 665 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.   Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Moldova

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Moldova, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 4 from Dr. Vitalie Caraus, Head of Animal Health and Welfare Department, Animal Health and Welfare Department, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 19, with one outbreak reported in Cahul. One fatal case was identified in swine, resulting in five others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, control of vectors, vector surveillance, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

AMERICAS

3.   Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in United States of America

Reoccurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in the United States of America, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 3 from Dr. Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Officer, USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 25, 2018, with one outbreak reported in California. The number of cases identified is not calculated because of missing information. 60 birds became susceptible, six died and all remaining were killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.    Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Armenia

Reoccurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Armenia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 2 from Dr. Georgi Avetisyan, Head, Food Safety Inspection Body of the Government of the Republic of Armenia, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 30, with one outbreak reported in Armavir. One fatal case was identified in cattle, resulting in 10 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

5.   Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Nepal

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N1, was detected in Nepal, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 2 from Dr. Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Nepal, Nepal.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on June 21, with one outbreak reported in Koshi. 195 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 222 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

6.   Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Hong Kong

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Hong Kong, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 4 from Dr. Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer / Assistant Director (Inspection & Quarantine), Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government, Hong Kong, Hong Kong (SAR - PRC).

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 3, with one outbreak reported in the New Territories. Three fatal cases were identified in swine. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance outside containment and protection zones, screening, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, disinfection, slaughter, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

OCEANIA

7.   Reoccurrence of infectious bursal disease virus detected in New Zealand

Reoccurrence of infectious bursal disease virus, serotype 1, was detected in New Zealand, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on September 3 from Dr. Tony Zohrab, Policy and Trade Branch, Ministry for Primary Industries, Wellington, New Zealand.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on September 3, with one outbreak reported in Otago. 48 cases were identified in birds, resulting in 489,500 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was contact with wild species.

Control measures included traceability. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals. Movement control inside the country and disinfection are to be applied.
 


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