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September 3, 2018

Various viral diseases reported in multiple species across three continents Global Animal Disease Update (August 31, 2018)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 
 
Various viral diseases were reported in multiple species across three continents this week. The following report provides an overview of the disease situations.
 
EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 29 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on March 20, with three outbreaks reported in Sumy, Odessa and Nikolayev. 27 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 2,162 becoming susceptible, and 824 being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement country inside the country, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 28 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, with 77 outbreaks reported in Bihor, Ialomita, Satu Mare, Constanta and Braila. 178,725 cases were identified in swine, one case was identified in wild boar, resulting in 404 dying and 4,572 being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of sheep pox and goat pox detected in Russia

A first occurrence of sheep pox and goat pox was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 28 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

Three outbreaks were reported to have started on August 22 in Moskovskaya Oblast. 11 cases were reported in sheep, resulting in 104 becoming susceptible, two dying and one being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement country inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, screening, surveillance within containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.

4.       Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 28 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

Four outbreaks were reported to have started on July 11 in Samarskaya Oblast and Chelyabinskaya Oblast. 88 cases were reported in cattle, resulting in 495 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement country inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreaks, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. No treatment was given to affected animals.

AMERICAS

5.       Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy detected in United States of America

Reoccurrence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy was detected in the United States of America, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 29 from Dr. John Clifford, Official Delegate, Chief Trade Advisor, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, United States of America.

The outbreak was reported to have started on August 26 in Florida. One fatal case was identified in cattle. The source of the outbreaks was spontaneous mutation.

Control measures included screening, traceability, and official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

6.       First occurrence of Newcastle disease virus detected in Kazakhstan

A first occurrence of Newcastle disease virus was detected in Kazakhstan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 29 from Dr. Tursyn Kabduldanov, Deputy Chairman, Committee for Veterinary Control and Supervision, Ministry of Agriculture, Astana, Kazakhstan.

The outbreak was reported to have started on June 19 in North Kazakhstan. Five fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 467 becoming susceptible and five being destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals. Control measures included movement control inside the country, quarantine, selective killing and disposal, zoning, and disinfection is to be applied.
 


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