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August 26, 2019

Various swine and cattle diseases reported in Asia and Europe (Global Animal Disease Update) (Aug 23, 2019)
 
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Various swine and cattle diseases were reported in Asia and Europe in the past week. The following report provides an overview of the disease situations.

EUROPE

1.  Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 19 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head, Department for Food Safety and Veterinary Medicine, State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Kyiv, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 1, with three outbreaks reported in L’Viv, Nikolayev and Kherson. 689 fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 98,867 becoming susceptible and six were killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante- and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Moldova

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Moldova, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 21 from Dr. Vitalie Caraus, Head of Animal Health and Welfare Department, Animal Health and Welfare Department, National Food Safety Agency of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 6, with five outbreaks reported in Cantemir. Five fatal cases were identified in swine, one fatal case was identified in wild boar, resulting in 24 others becoming susceptible, which were all killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.  Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of lumpy skin disease virus was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 21 from Dr. Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head, Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 26, with two outbreaks reported in Novosibirskaya Oblast and Omskaya Oblast. Six cases were identified in cattle, resulting in 926 becoming susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and processes to inactivate the pathogenic agent in products or by-products. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

4.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Slovakia

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Slovakia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 21 from Dr. Jozef Bires , Director & Chief Veterinary Officer, State Veterinary and Food Administration , Ministry of Agriculture, Bratislava, Slovakia.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 24, with one outbreak reported in Kosica. One fatal case was identified in swine. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

5.  First occurrence of bacillus anthracis detected in Kazakhstan

A first occurrence of bacillus anthracis was detected in Kazakhstan, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 19 from Dr. Tursyn Kabduldanov, Deputy Chairman, Committee for Veterinary Control and Supervision, Ministry of Agriculture, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 16, with one outbreak reported in Akmolinskaya. One case was identified in cattle, resulting in 323 cattle, 113 sheep and 126 swine becoming susceptible, and one cattle being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, vaccination in response to the outbreak, quarantine, selective killing and disposal, zoning, and disinfection. No treatment was given to affected animals.

6.  First occurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Myanmar

A first occurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Myanmar, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 20 from Dr. Ye Tun Win, Chief Veterinary Officer Director General, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on August 9, with one outbreak reported in Shan State. Two fatal cases were identified in swine, resulting in 60 becoming susceptible, and two being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreak was introduction of new live animals, illegal movement of animals, swill feeding and fomites.

Vaccination is permitted and no treatment was given to affected animals. Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection is to be applied.
 


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