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August 20, 2018

First occurrence of FMD reported in China Global Animal Disease Update (August 17, 2018)
 
An eFeedLink Exclusive
 

A first occurrence of foot and mouth disease was reported in China this week. The following report contains an overview of the disease situation.

EUROPE

1.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Romania

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Romania, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 14 from Dr. Geronimo Raducu Branescu, President Secretary of State Chief Veterinary Officer, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety, National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, Bucharest, Romania.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on January 11, with 56 outbreaks reported in Braila, Bihor, Constanta and Satu Mare. 875 cases were identified in swine, resulting in 913 becoming susceptible, 93 dying and all remaining being killed and disposed of. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement country inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

2.       Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus detected in Ukraine

Reoccurrence of African swine fever virus was detected in Ukraine, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 14 from Dr. Andrii Zhuk, First Deputy Head of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer production, International Cooperation of the State Service of Ukraine on Food Safety and Consumer Protection, Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Kiev, Ukraine.

The outbreak event was reported to have started on July 13, with two outbreaks reported in Kherson. Four fatal cases were identified in swine. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement country inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, traceability, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, zoning, disinfection, disinfestation, and ante and post-mortem inspections. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.

3.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Russia

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5N2, was detected in Russia, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 16 from Dr Nikolay Vlasov, Deputy Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Moscow, Russia.

The outbreak was reported to have started on August 9 in Harino, Kostromskoy, Kostromskaya Oblast in western Russia. 506 fatalities were reported in birds, 1,223 were killed and disposed of, and 498,485 became susceptible. The source of the outbreaks was unknown.

Control measures included movement country inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, control of wildlife reservoirs, and disinfection. Vaccination is prohibited and no treatment was given to affected animals.

ASIA

4.       Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus detected in Chinese Taipei

Reoccurrence of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus, serotype H5, was detected in Chinese Taipei, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 13 from Dr. Tai-Hwa Shih, Chief Veterinary Officer, Deputy Director General, Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Council of Agriculture Executive Yuan, Ministry of Agriculture, Taipei, Chinese Taipei.

The outbreak was reported to have started on January 17, with four outbreaks reported in Pingtung county and Yunlin county. 230 fatal cases were identified in birds, resulting in 60,361 others becoming susceptible and all were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was contact with infected animals at grazing or watering.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within and outside containment and protection zones, quarantine, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, disinfection, and ante and post-mortem inspections. No treatment was given to affected animals.

5.       First occurrence of foot and mouth disease virus detected in China

Reoccurrence of foot and mouth disease virus, serotype O, was detected in China, the OIE reports.

The information was received by the OIE on August 13 from Dr. Zhang Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre, Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

The outbreak was reported to have started on March 2, with one outbreak reported in Henan. Five case were identified in swine, resulting in 173 becoming susceptible and all were destroyed. The source of the outbreaks was contact with unknown.

Control measures included movement control inside the country, surveillance within containment and protection zones, screening, quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste, zoning, and disinfection. Vaccination is permitted but no treatment was given to affected animals.
 


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